Street Children & Child Labor & Child Soldiers
Dear members of Peace from harmony:
Street Children & Child Labor
Youngest soldier is seven years old
UNICEF’s mission is to advocate for the protection of children’s rights, to help meet their basic needs and to expand their opportunities to reach their full potential. UNICEF is guided in doing this by the provisions and principles of the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
Built on varied legal systems and cultural traditions, the Convention is a universally agreed set of non-negotiable standards and obligations. These basic standards—also called human rights—set minimum entitlements and freedoms that should be respected by governments. They are founded on respect for the dignity and worth of each individual, regardless of race, colour, gender, language, religion, opinions, origins, wealth, birth status or ability and therefore apply to every human being everywhere. With these rights comes the obligation on both governments and individuals not to infringe on the parallel rights of others. These standards are both interdependent and indivisible; we cannot ensure some rights without—or at the expense of—other rights.
A legally binding instrument
The Convention on the Rights of the Child is the first legally binding international instrument to incorporate the full range of human rights—civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights. In 1989, world leaders decided that children needed a special convention just for them because people under 18 years old often need special care and protection that adults do not. The leaders also wanted to make sure that the world recognized that children have human rights too.
The Convention sets out these rights in 54 articles and two Optional Protocols. It spells out the basic human rights that children everywhere have: the right to survival; to develop to the fullest; to protection from harmful influences, abuse and exploitation; and to participate fully in family, cultural and social life. The four core principles of the Convention are non-discrimination; devotion to the best interests of the child; the right to life, survival and development; and respect for the views of the child. Every right spelled out in the Convention is inherent to the human dignity and harmonious development of every child. The Convention protects children's rights by setting standards in health care; education; and legal, civil and social services.
By agreeing to undertake the obligations of the Convention (by ratifying or acceding to it), national governments have committed themselves to protecting and ensuring children's rights and they have agreed to hold themselves accountable for this commitment before the international community. States parties to the Convention are obliged to develop and undertake all actions and policies in the light of the best interests of the child.
Harmonious wishes –
According to UNICEF an estimated 218 million children aged 5-17 are engaged in child labour, excluding child domestic labour. Some 126 million of these children are believed to be engaged in hazardous situations or conditions, such as working in mines, working with chemicals and pesticides in agriculture or working with dangerous machinery. They are everywhere but invisible, toiling as domestic servants in homes, labouring behind the walls of workshops, hidden from view in plantations.
Child work: Children’s participation in economic activity - that does not negatively affect their health and development or interfere with education, can be positive.Work that does not interfere with education (light work)is permitted from the age of 12 years under the International Labour Organization (ILO) Convention 138.
Child labour: This is more narrowly defined and refers to children working in contravention of the above standards.This means all children below 12 years of age working in any economic activities, those aged 12 to 14 years engaged inharmful work, and all children engaged in the worst forms of child labour.
Worst forms of child labour:These involve children being enslaved, forcibly recruited, prostituted, trafficked, forced into illegal activities and exposed to hazardous work.
A number of European cities have used the City of Culture year to transform their cultural base and, in doing so, the way in which they are viewed internationally.
The back of the medal is that journalist and filmmaker Erling Borgen claim that The European Capital of Culture 2008 have been using child labour for the Millennium Place:
Using child labour and underpaid handcraft is completely unacceptable, and has nothing to do with culture.
As I can no longer be quiet regarding the documentary of journalist Erling Borgen, I invite those who is interest to watch the film clip (in Norwegian and English language)
The municipally of Stavanger claims that they were absolutely aware that children labour have been involved in the Millennium place, which will be a highlight for the European City of Culture 2008.
Hopefully in Peace from Harmony,