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Peace from Harmony
Douglas Mattern. World Citizens for disarmament and Global Community of harmony


DOUGLAS MATTERN



 

Short Bio

 

Served as president or chairperson of several peace-related organizations over a 40-year period. This includes the Association of World Citizens, which is 30-year old international organization with NGO status at the United Nations.


During this same period worked full-time as a senior engineer/manager in commercial Silicon Valley corporations, with the longest period at Apple Computer. Main activity was designing, equipping, and managing failure analysis/technology assessment laboratories. Specialized in transmission and scanning electron microscopy and won several scientific photography prizes, including a national scientific convention first prize photograph that was exhibited in the New York Museum of Modern Art for three months.


Author of over 200 published articles o­n peace-related issues. Main author of two disarmament resolutions signed by 51 Nobel Laureates and accepted by the United Nations Disarmament Department. Main author of the 2001 Taipei Peace Declaration signed by over 400,000 people and presented to United Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan.


Chairperson of nine peace conferences or commissions held in San Francisco, New York, Paris, Tokyo, Osaka, Taipei, and at the United Nations NGO conference. Hosted over 300-radio shows broadcast over Radio for Peace International.


Traveled widely o­n peace-related activities, including six Citizen Diplomacy trips to the
Soviet Union in the 1 980s as a speaker o­n the Volga Peace Cruises. Initiated the joint
U.S./USSR nuclear disarmament demonstration and rally held in 1983 in Moscows
Gorky Park.


Wrote and presented World Citizen Awards to former United Nations Assistant- Secretary-General Robert Muller, The Reverend Jesse Jackson, San Francisco Mayor Willie Brown Jr., and Colonel Stanislav Petrov that has resulted in a movie being made of his life that is entitled: The Man Who Saved the World. The movie will be released to movie theaters around November 2006.


Recipient of the Albert Einstein Peace Award from the International Association of Educators for World Peace, the Lifetime Achievement Peace Award from the Federation of World Peace and Love, and several other peace awards.


Married 40 yeas. Education at San Jose City College, San Jose State University, and Stanford University.



Douglas Mattern

 

AMERICAN CHRONICLE 

OUR CHILDHOOD'S END

THE NEXT GREAT EVOLUTION                              

 

Published by:October 24, 2007 ---  Opinion

 

The age of nations has passed. It remains for us now, if we do not wish to perish, to set aside the ancient prejudices and build the earth.   Teilhard de Chardin

It has been less than a decade since all the hopes and dreams that were demonstrated around the world o­n the first day of the new millennium have virtually evaporated due to continuing violence, war, and misguided priorities. o­ne problem for the lack of progress is that wishing and hoping for a better and safer world is not the answer. It is o­nly by working with a total commitment to overcome the obstacles that impede progress, and, at the same time, have a vision and realistic program that a better and safer world can be achieved, as it must if our civilization is to survive and progress.

A good starting point is to recall the stern and unequivocal warnings made to the American people (and relevant to the world community) by two presidents that have been basically ignored with potentially grave consequences. The first these warnings came from President Dwight Eisenhower in his Farewell Address to the American People o­n January 17, 1961:

In the councils of government we must guard against the acquisition of unwarranted influence, whether sought or unsought, by the military-industrial complex. The potential for the disastrous rise of misplaced power exists and will persist.

In the succeeding years this complex has extended its influence far beyond what President Eisenhower could envision. The U.S. fiscal 2006 military budget was an astounding $419 billion, and this does not include billions of dollars appropriated for nuclear weapons contained in the Department of Energy (DOE) budget, as it is every year, or funding for the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. Now compare this astronomical spending o­n the military to what other major countries are spending. The following figures are compiled for 2006 (or 2005 for some countries) by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI):

 

U.S.:            $419 billion

China:           $62.5 billion

Russia:          $61.9 billion

UK:              $51.billion

Japan:          $44.7 billion

France:         $41.6 billion

Germany:      $30.2 billion.

The United States accounts for nearly 50 percent of total world military expenditures and it is scheduled to increase over the coming years. The Center for Arms Control in Washington D.C. reports the Bush administration request o­n military spending for fiscal year 2008 is $481.4 billion, and, again, this does not include the cost of nuclear weapons or the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.

The Office of Management and Budget estimates total Pentagon spending, not including nuclear weapons or combat operations, for the period of fiscal 2008 through fiscal 2012 will exceed $2.3 trillion. These figures should help everyone understand that there is simply no business like war business as the permanent war economy has become a central pillar of the U.S. economy. While the U.S. now imports an enormous amount of goods, this nation continues to be the leading exporter of weapons around the world.

The cost and profit from manufacturing weapons is huge as the following examples reveal:

The F/A-18EF jet fighter: $95 million each The F-22 jet fighter: $338 million each

The F-35 Jet fighter: $112 million each

The B-2 bomber: $2.1 Billion each

The cost for o­ne CVN-21 aircraft carrier is $11.9 Billion

The cost for each DDG-1000 (DDx) surface combat ship is $3.1 billion

The cost for each Trident II D-5 missile for the Trident submarine is $67 million.

The Trident submarine is the biggest killing machine ever built. This submarine carries twenty-four ballistic missiles, each missile capable of carrying eight nuclear warheads, each warhead over five times the power of the Hiroshima bomb. o­ne Trident submarine has the destructive power of over o­ne thousand Hiroshima bombs and can strike 192 separate targets. There are eighteen Trident submarines.

 

THE WAR BUSINESS                                                                                                                                          Lockheed-Martin is the worlds largest weapons company so it is not surprising that all Trident missiles are built by Lockheed-Martin as part of its vast array of military products, including jet fighters. The New York Times reports that Lockheed-Martin had sales totaling $32 billion in 2003. The company is located in cities throughout the U.S., and has business locations in nations around the world.

The Pentagon's Top 10 Prime Contact award winners for 2006:

1. Lockheed Martin: $26.6 billion.

2. Boeing: $20.3 billion.

3. Northrop Grumman: $16.6 billion.

4. General Dynamics: $10.5 billion.

5. Raytheon: $10.1 billion.

6. Halliburton: $6.1 billion.

7. L-3 Communications Holdings: $5.2 billion.

8. BAE Systems: $4.7 billion.

9. United Technologies: $4.5 billion.

10. Science Applications Int'l: $3.2 billion.

Source: AOL Money & Finance

The Vietnam War cost the United States over $600 billion. At least three million people were killed, including 58,000 young American servicemen. The war ended the same way it could have had the U.S. accepted elections back in 1954 and averted over ten years of extreme violence and human suffering. Now, with the new budget request by President Bush, the cost of the war in Iraq will exceed $600 billion. This is another war created by deception and run with extreme incompetence that has turned Iraq from a difficult situation, but were the majority of people led reasonably normal lives, into an utter nightmare. Contrary to all the false statements about the justification for the war, it is actually about three letters: OIL. If there were no large reserves of oil in Iraq there would be no U.S. soldiers in Iraq today. The entity that gains most from the war is the war business by profiting from the sale of weapons.

Theres just no business like the war business and it is ruining our society and much of the world community by stealing from those in need and exhausting our intellectual and financial resources

Every gun that is made, every warship launched, every rocket fired signifies, in the final sense, a theft from those who hunger and are not fed, those who are cold and are not clothed. The world in arms is not spending money alone. It is spending the sweat of its laborers, the genius of its scientists, the hopes of its children. This is not a way of life at all in any true sense. Under the cloud of threatening war, it is humanity hanging from a cross of iron.

- President Eisenhower - From a speech before the American Society of Newspaper Editors, April 16, 1953

 

NUCLEAR MADNESS                                                                                                                                           Today at least 27,000 nuclear weapons are stockpiled worldwide, enough to vanquish civilization several times over. The U.S. and Russia possess over 90 percent of these weapons, including several thousand strategic nuclear warheads that are continuous a hair-trigger alert, ready for a launch in a few minutes notice. A report by the Rand Corporation declared these weapons could destroy both countries in an hour. Such a doomsday scenario could result from an accidental missile launch, an early warning system error, or miscalculation. There have been many close calls to a nuclear war starting by accident over the years; therefore, to retain thousands of nuclear warheads o­n a hair-trigger alert, o­nly minutes from launch, is criminal, if not utter madness.

Moreover, conditions are worsening with the Bush Administration planning to install missiles for the anti-ballistic missile system (ABM) in countries that border Russia. President Putin has responded with threats to aim Russian missiles at nations accepting U.S. missiles o­n their land. In addition, Russia is threatening to respond by building a new series of powerful missiles.

 

WARNING NUMBER TWO                                                                                                                                      The second warning from a U.S. president that has also been virtually ignored is from President Kennedy in a 1963 address to the American People o­n the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty:

I ask you to stop and think for a moment what it would mean to have nuclear weapons in so many hands, in the hands of countries large and small, stable and unstable, responsible and irresponsible, scattered throughout the world. There would be no rest for anyone then, no stability, no real security, and no chance of effective disarmament. There would o­nly be the increased chance of accidental war.

President Kennedys warning has come to pass with at least eight nations now possessing nuclear weapons and the United Nations reporting that over 30 countries have the ability to produce them. It doesnt require brilliance to understand that unless there is dramatic change in the current trend of political events, it is o­nly a matter of time until a nuclear weapon is used in some regional conflict that could rapidly spiral out of control to a nuclear war that would decimate civilization.

After such a long journey for civilization that extends back for millenniums we have come to the critical fork in the road, and the path we choose will determine if there is a future for the great human drama or if this is the last act, at least for civilization. As the great playwright Anton Chekov wrote, if there is a gun o­n the wall in the first act of a play, it will be fired in the third act. We are in the third act of the nuclear era and the gun o­n the wall comprises the 27,000 nuclear weapons stockpiled, including 12,000 that are ready for delivery.

Clearly, a new call to political action is imperative to push the fools and their folly that never learn from history to the sidelines before they invoke a global tragedy. High o­n the list of priorities is election campaign reform to end the political corruption through huge donations the weapons industry and other corporation contribute to political candidates and then expect, and usually receive, favorable voting in congress. Consider this shocking statement by Senator Ernest F. Hollings (D-S.C.) that fundraising for all senators: distracts us from the peoples businessIt corrupts and degrades the entire political processFundraisers used to be arranged so they didnt conflict with the Senate schedule; nowadays, the Senate schedule is regularly shifted to accommodate fundraisers.

Like most of corporate America the weapons industry employs hundreds of lobbyists whose job is to convince our elected officials to authorize and fund new weapons and increased military spending. The consequence is the astronomical military budget by the U.S. every year. Under these conditions a continuous armament buildup is assured, for as long as billions of dollars are allocated every year to develop new weapons, the scientists and engineers employed by the armament industry will produce the weapons, even the most complex, including weapons for space, as long as they are provided enough money and time.

 

THE WAR BUSINESS IN ORBIT                                                                                                                              The next frontier for the war business is space with the Commander-in-Chief of the U.S. Space Command, General Joseph Ashy, concisely stating its overall purpose:

It's politically sensitive, but it's going to happen. Some people don't want to hear this and it sure isn't in vogue, but-absolutely-we're going to fight in space. We're going to fight form space and we're going to fight into space. That's why the U.S. has development programs in directed energy and hit-to-kill mechanisms. We will engage terrestrial targets someday-ships, airplanes, land targets from space. (From Aviation Week and Space Technology).

Today, scientists and engineers in the weapons industry are working with Pentagon contracts to develop space-based weapons scheduled for deployment 10 and more years from now. The Rand think tank reports weapons under development include space-based lasers, microwave guns, particle beam weapons, and kinetic-energy weapons.

Just imagine our world with weapons orbiting the planet 24-hours every day blocking our last frontier. Is this the end of freedom and human dignity as we gaze to the stars and mystery of the universe, and, at the same time, see orbiting lights that are platforms loaded with weapons?

 

FIRST PRIORITIES                                                                                                                                                There are many difficult issues confronting humanity today, including very serious environmental problems. The good news, at least with the issue of global warming, is that vast numbers of people, and most governments, now accept and understand this crisis with many implementing programs to alleviate it. The response by young and old to the problem with climate change is impressive and encouraging.

It is in the area of militarization and weapons that apathy and seemingly indifference is prevalent and dangerous. People must accept our top priority is to eliminate all nuclear weapons from the face of the earth. We can never make real progress and hope for a better future unless humanity is liberated from this terrorism, for a nuclear war would erase the past, destroy the present, and ruin the future.

The existence of nuclear weapons presents a clear and present danger to life o­n Earth. Nuclear arms cannot bolster the security of any nation because they represent a threat to the security of the human race. These incredibly destructive weapons are an affront to our common humanity, and the tens of billions of dollars that are dedicated to their development and maintenance should be used instead to alleviate human need and suffering.   Oscar Arias, President of Costa Rica and Nobel Peace Laureate

The second priority is the elimination of the war system itself with all of its political, economic, and cultural manifestations. Even without nuclear weapons, civilization cannot really progress, or perhaps even endure the destruction and atrocity of modern warfare. At the beginning of the 20th century about 90 percent of casualties were military and 10 percent civilian. By the end of the century, and in todays world, these figures are reversed.

War should belong to the tragic past, to history: it should find no place o­n humanity's agenda for the future.    Pope John Paul II

The o­nly realistic and workable alternative to continuing war and an eventual global catastrophe is to create conditions in which disputes between nations and peoples, and dealing with terrorists and the causes of terrorism, are settled through the framework of enforceable world law. This is the same principle of law through which we settle disputes within our communities and nations, and now it must be extended to the global level. The day must come when people accept international disputes are settled through enforceable world law the same as they accept disputes within their countries are settled through enforceable law by state and federal courts. There is no alternative to end the cycle of war and organized violence. The United Nations, with its universal membership, which is o­ne of the great accomplishments in history, is the obvious institution through which international law must be implemented and global governance achieved.

This consists of a transformation of the UN to a limited global government that is not intrusive in national affairs, but is provided with the authority by the Member States to enforce settlement through legal decisions of international disputes. Prior efforts to convince people o­n the need for a limited world government have failed because no significant social/political advance is possible unless the time and conditions are right. Now, in this first decade of the new millennium, with the dangerous proliferation of nations possessing nuclear weapons, and with serious environmental problems extending across all national borders, the time and the conditions are right and necessary to move forward to global governance.

 

It will be just as easy for nations to get along in a republic of the world as it is for you to get along in the republic of the United States. [If] Kansas and Colorado have a quarrel over the water in the Arkansas River they don't call out the national guard in each state and go to war over it. They bring suit in the Supreme Court of the United States and abide by the decision. There isn't a reason in the world why we can't do that internationally.                           President Harry S. Truman

 

There is an increasing awareness of the need for some form of global government.                            Mikhail Gorbachev

 

The international community should support a system of laws to regularize international relations and maintain the peace in the same manner that law governs national order.   Pope John Paul II

 

A world government with powers adequate to guarantee security is not a remote ideal for the distant future. It is an urgent necessity if our civilization is to survive.                   Albert Einstein

 

A major obstacle in the United States is that the vast majority of Americans have an appalling lack of knowledge about the United Nations and its accomplishments. The June 2007 issue of Parade Magazine, which is an insert in the Sunday edition of newspapers around the country, carried a front page article questioning whether the United Nations still matters. This issue provided a poll for people to respond to this question. After receiving the response from 25,000 people, 71% said the UN did not matter, and o­nly 20% cast their vote in favor of the UN.

Its common in the United States for people and the media to consistently condemn the UN for actions it takes as if the UN were a separate organization divorced from national governments. This is not the case. The UN is composed of national governments and they make the decisions for the UN to carry out. When people are displeased with UN voting, they should vent their anger at the governments that cast the vote and not the staff of the UN.

The United Nations has produced international law that greatly benefits humanity every day. UN agencies such as UNICEF conduct programs that save the lives of millions of children every year. UNESCO provides training for teachers and builds schools, protects our human heritage, and conducts important scientific conferences. There are over 30 of these UN agencies that perform a vital role every day for the world community. And dont forget the UN Peacekeeping forces that have maintained peace in many regions for decades that otherwise would have erupted into war.

One thing is clear: The United Nations has a vital role to perform in the crucial years ahead. It is the o­nly international institution that, with full support, can realistically be reformed and structured with sufficient authority and power to create the global governance that is imperative for the very survival of civilization. But to succeed the UN needs to be more representative such as providing non-government organizations (NGOs) with a larger role in political activities and support. o­ne idea is a Peoples Parliament composed of NGOs consulting with and supporting the General Assembly as several former high ranking UN officials have suggested.

 

RECLAIMING DEMOCRACY -- MOVING FORWARD                                                                                                July 4 is the annual celebration of o­ne of historys great documents, the Declaration of Independence that was adopted in 1776. This Declaration has been an inspiration not o­nly for this nation, but also for governments and people around the world. Today, however, at home there is serious erosion of the Declarations basic principles that must be corrected, and this could be a long struggle. It begins with the arduous task of regaining our democracy from the emerging plutocracy that rules our country today through a massive concentration of national wealth in the hands of a small minority. In 2004 the congressional budget office reported the income gap in the United States was the worst since just before the Great Depression. The top o­ne percent of households has nearly 40 percent of the wealth. The top five percent have over 50 percent of the total wealth, and the top 20 percent have over 80 percent of the wealth.

Its shocking to learn that the United States has the widest discrepancy between rich and poor among Western industrialized countries. This dramatic change is a betrayal of the American democracy that much of the world used to admire and envy. It is an even greater betrayal to the American workers who fought, and sometimes died, so that their children and grandchildren could have a better life.

Its also evident that democracy cannot function when the media, which should operate for the benefit of the people, is owned and run by a handful of corporations. This guarantees the suppression of ideas, cleverly accomplished by the corporate-run media simply ignoring people with progressive ideas, keeping them off the airwaves, and thus restricting their exposure to the public.

 

CORPORATE GLOBALIZATION - WHEN CORPORATIONS RULE                                                         

Globalization should mean movement toward a global community. The problem is that the corporate world has co-opted this term and uses it as a means to serve the multi-nationals and political/economic policies that make the rich even richer. Corporate globalization is unjust, undemocratic, self-destructive, and an environmental nightmare due to its dependency o­n mass consumption and waste.

While corporate globalization rules the world, hunger and poverty remain extreme. The statistics collected by the United Nations are truly staggering:

* Number of people living in poverty o­n $2 a day: 2.7 billion

* Number of people living in abject poverty existing o­n less than $1 a day: 1 billion so poor they live in garbage dumps and shantytowns, virtually without hope. Not surprisingly, 70 percent of the worlds poor are the most defenseless: women and children.

* Number of people who die every day from hunger: 24,000

* Number of children under five who die every day from preventable causes: 30,000

* 2.4 billion people live without decent sanitation, and 4 billion are without wastewater disposal.

The 1998 Human Development Report revealed that just over 200 billionaires had a combined wealth equal to the annual incomes of just under half the global population (2.7 billion). The report found that the combined wealth of the worlds three richest people was greater than the total income of the poorest forty-eight nations. Other UN figures show that o­nly 20 percent of the worlds people have over 80 percent of the wealth and consume over 85 percent of the worlds resources. This inequality is a disgrace to our civilization, and it is the source of o­ngoing violence and war.

We cannot have a world where corporations rule. Corporations cannot provide what government supplies to society: education, security, law, environmental and other regulations, democratic safeguards, and the like. Corporations exist solely for profit and acquisition. Moreover, corporations are totalitarian to the extreme and the CEOs of major corporations have been in the forefront of the new value system in this country, which is Greed. Business Week reports the average salary for the CEOs was 42 times the average worker's salary in 1980. By 1990 it increased to 85 times, and by 2000 it reached over 500 times the average worker's salary. Next in line are the ludicrous salaries and compensation paid to entertainers and athletes that makes a mockery of our social values and the worth of work.

The mantra of those who are benefiting from corporate rule is "the market rules." The market, however, has no conscience, no responsibility, no anything. It is a giant gambling casino for the rich while the rest of us are hostage to the whims or greed of investors. Our national culture has become "marketing," with the goal to make the entire country, and the world if possible, into a giant shopping mall where the o­nly thing that counts, including our culture, is what sells. Even people are told they must "sell themselves" to get ahead, a phrase formerly confined to prostitutes.

Sallusts description of Rome in 80 B.C.--a government controlled by wealth, a ruling-class numb to the repetitions of political scandal, a public diverted by chariot races and gladiatorial shows--stands as a fair summary of some of our own circumstances                  Lewis Lapham, Waiting for the Barbarians

The decline of American culture is astonishing o­n o­ne hand, but o­n the other it was inevitable when corporate America managed to gain the power to set the standard, which, for the highest profit, is to the lowest common nominator. Corporate greed seems to have no bounds as demonstrated in the obnoxious increase of commercials in television programs and sporting events. This is possible because our Congress has abrogated its responsibility to set reasonable regulations to protect the public from the outrageous commercialization of our society. A high culture does exist, but in relatively small enclaves. Few citizens in our society, for example, could name a great classical composer or symphonic conductor, the stars of todays opera or ballet, great writers, Nobel Laureates with their great accomplishments, etc. The majority, however, can quickly name the celebrity seekers that corporate America cultivates and promotes because it sells. If people are fed garbage as culture long enough they come to believe it is art.

 

ENDING THE DECLINE                                                                                                                                     The U.S. has sadly declined from the noble democratic ideals so eloquently expressed by President Roosevelt o­n the role of government:

The pace of our progress is not whether we add more to the abundance of those who have much, it is whether we provide enough to those who have too little.

We need to return to this concept of government, and, in this first and second decade of this new millennium, develop new economic models that are not based o­n arcane and failed dogmas or those that rape the environment for profit or guarantee a deep division between rich and poor. And the o­nly globalization we must accept is democratic globalization that is designed for all people and where it would be unthinkable for a few hundred billionaires to possess as much wealth as over two billion poor people.

 

NEW POLITICAL LEADERSHIP                                                                                             To move ahead requires better political leadership across the world community and this clearly includes the United States. The irony is that we have an abundance of highly intelligent and capable people. The problem is convincing them to run for political office. But this problem must be overcome if we are to place individuals of wisdom in positions of power and influence. It is the o­nly way to end the folly that is driving our nation backwards at an astonishing rate. The kind of leadership we need was eloquently described by Senator William Fulbright in his book The Price of Power:

 

The age of warrior kings and of warrior presidents has passed. The nuclear age calls for a different kind of leadershipa leadership of intellect, judgment, tolerance and rationality, a leadership committed to human values, to world peace, and to the improvement of the human conditionThe attributes upon which we must draw are the human attributes of compassion and understanding between cultures.

 

Individuals of this quality running for political office would draw legions of people, particularly the young, to work for their election with great hope and enthusiasm. This must take high priority, for a major component of the equation to build a better society and safer and better world is electing this quality of leadership to office.

 

THE ROAD AHEAD                                                                                                          At this decisive moment in history, with the danger posed by a rapid proliferation of countries with nuclear weapons, we must act together to move the fools, the dictators, the dreamers of empire, the militarists, the arms merchants and their architects of destruction to the sideline of history. We can no long afford their destructive folly. Our unyielding task is to build a world community with law and justice, the sharing of resources, and the creation of a new civilization based o­n respect for life, respect for the environment, and respect for each other.

 

TIME TO BEGIN                                                                                                                                                    To achieve the change and the goals may appear revolutionary; however, it is not violent revolution, but evolution to be fought and achieved with ideas and vision.

 

An invasion of armies can be resisted, but not an idea whose time has come.                               Victor Hugo

 

The idea whose time has come is rapid change to create a safer and better world for the 21st century. Education is the key component to convince people to think and to act as responsible Citizens of the World in all of their endeavors. This is not a replacement for national and regional citizenship duties, but rather a new individual responsibility to work together across all barriers to achieve our common fate. Revolutions may come and go, whether just or unjust, but they are not part of the Next Great Evolution that must remain non-violent, but strong and unyielding. While eliminating nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction must be achieved rapidly, it may take decades to finally free humanity from the scourge of war and organized violence, achieve full social and economic justice, and construct global governance where lasting peace can prevail. o­nly then will the goal of the Next Great Evolution be achieved, and, as the visionary Arthur C. Clarke would contend,

THE LONG CHILDHOOD OF OUR SPECIES WILL FINALLY END

Douglas Mattern is President of the Association of World Citizens and author of LOOKING FOR SQUARE TWO To a Better and Safer World, Published by Jones Harvest Publishing

Douglas Mattern Email: worldcit@best.com      Website: www.worldcitizens.org

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Lowering operating status of nuclear weapons: to draw back them from immediate launch readiness

 

Douglas Mattern, Association of World Citizens, San Francisco-

John Hallam, Nuclear Flashpoints, Sydney

September 12, 2007

 

Joint Coordinators, Appeal o­n Nuclear Weapons Operating Status endorsed by 44 Nobel Laureates

IMPORTANT NEW INITIATIVE o­n NUCLEAR WEAPONS

Our joint resolution o­n removing U.S. and Russian nuclear warheads from hair-trigger alert (also referred to as lowering operating status of nuclear weapons) was endorsed by 44 Nobel Laureates and submitted to scores of governments, including New Zealand that returned a positive response. New Zealand will submit a proposal to the United Nations this October calling for reducing the nuclear weapons threat by lowering the operating status, Our following appeal to support the NZ proposal was sent to Presidents Bush and Putin and to all UN Missions and Ambassadors. What is needed at this point are statements of support from members of Congress and peace organizations.

The proposal by New Zealand is included below this appeal.

Re: Urging Your Support For Resolutions o­n Nuclear Weapons Operating Status and

Nuclear Weapons Convention

We are writing to you in our capacities as joint coordinators of the Appeal o­n Nuclear Weapons Operating Status that was signed by 44 Nobel prizewinners and by 362 NGOs and parliamentarians in mid 2005.

We urge you to support the draft resolution o­n operating status of nuclear weapons to be submitted by New Zealand and Sweden to the 62nd United Nations General Assembly, and to join Costa Rica and Malaysia in submitting the updated Model Nuclear Weapons Convention to the UN General Assembly.

Thousands of nuclear warheads remain o­n launch-on-warning status and a high-level of readiness to use, in spite of calls made by 44 Nobel prizewinners in 2005, by the Blix commission (recommendation 17) in 2006, and by others including Kofi Annan and Mikhail Gorbachev that nuclear weapons operating status should be lowered.

The lowering of nuclear weapons operating status by the US, Russia and other States possessing nuclear weapons, would constitute a practical and effective step away from the likelihood of actual use of nuclear weapons by malice, miscalculation or malfunction.

There have been numerous calls recently for States to consider the requirements to reach nuclear abolition and to commence practical work to address these requirements. These include the January 4 Wall Street Journal article by Kissinger, Schultz, Nunn and Perry which called for a nuclear weapons free world; the June 25 Carnegie speech by the then UK Foreign Secretary Margaret Beckett o­n the need to make plans for nuclear abolition, and the Blix Commission recommendation that All states possessing nuclear weapons should commence planning for security without nuclear weapons. They should start preparing for the outlawing of nuclear weapons through joint practical and incremental measures that include definitions, benchmarks and transparency requirements for nuclear disarmament.

The Model Nuclear Weapons Convention, recently revised and presented to the 2007 NPT Prep Com by Costa Rica and Malaysia, outlines the legal, technical and political measures required to achieve and maintain a nuclear-weapons-free world. It could serve as a useful tool to assist UN General Assembly members in considering and developing these measures.

The time has come for real movement o­n nuclear disarmament and nonproliferation. There have been warnings enough from the very highest quarters that progress o­n this issue is imperative before it is forever too late.

Please contact members of Congress to support the proposal of New Zealand, and send a message support to the Honorable Paul Goff, Minister for Disarmament and Arms Control, FAX: +64 4 495 8444.

 

Douglas Mattern,

President, Association of World Citizens San Francisco

55 New Montgomery Street, Suite 224

San Francisco CA 94105 USA

worldcit@best.com Tel: 650 326 1409

John Hallam

Nuclear Flashpoints, Sydney

+61-2-9810-2598

foesyd4@ihug.com.au

306/99 Lilyfield Road Lilyfield NSW Australia 2040

 

---------------------------------------------

The New Zealand proposal

30/08/2007

NZ calls for action o­n operational status of nuclear weapons

New Zealand will lead a call at the United Nations General Assembly this year for nuclear states to draw back their nuclear weapons from immediate launch readiness, Disarmament and Arms Control Minister Phil Goff said today.

Thousands of nuclear weapons currently are o­n high-alert status, ready for instant launch. This presents a major threat to global security.

Nuclear weapon systems at a high level of readiness increase the risk of these weapons being used, including unintentionally or by accident. Such an eventuality would have catastrophic consequences.

Steps need to be taken to reduce this risk. New Zealand has played a leading role through its participation in the New Agenda Coalition in pushing for disarmament and non-proliferation. This new initiative is consistent with that role.

New Zealand, together with like minded states including Sweden, will promote a resolution at the UN General Assembly this year calling o­n nuclear weapon states to take steps to lower the operational status of their nuclear weapons.

New Zealand looks forward to others support, including nuclear weapon states.

We call o­n States with nuclear weapons to take mutual action to remove all nuclear weapons from launch-on-warning status.

We urge all States with nuclear weapons to take steps to decrease the operational readiness of their nuclear arsenals. Such steps could include the separation of warheads from delivery mechanisms and the separation of arsenal storage from potential deployment locations.

Our goal of course is for the complete abolition of nuclear weapons. However lowering the operational status of nuclear weapons would be an important interim step towards this fundamental objective, Mr Goff said.

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Lowering operating status of nuclear weapons: to draw back them from immediate launch readiness



If The Atomic Clock Strikes Twelve Midnight Is Forever

By Douglas Mattern January 27, 2007


But thoughts, the slaves of life, and life, times fool,
And time, that takes survey of all the world,
Time must have a stop.

- Henry IV, Shakespeare

We cannot stop or slow the space/time/continuum that permeates our world and the universe, but we must, if we really care about the future and destiny of humanity, stop the time of human folly that is leading toward a black abyss. This was underscored this month when the time o­n the famous Doomsday Clock of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists (BAS) was moved forward from seven to five minutes before midnight.

The reason is manifold, including, as reported BAS, a renewed emphasis o­n the military utility of nuclear weaponsand the failure to adequately secure nuclear materials. An increasing danger is the proliferation of nuclear weapons states, now numbering eight or nine, along with the prospect of others joining this macabre club in the near future. The United Nations reports that over 30 countries have the capability to produce nuclear weapons.

In 1963, President Kennedy emphasized the extreme danger of nuclear proliferation: "I ask you to stop and think for a moment what it would mean to have nuclear weapons in so many hands, in the hands of countries large and small, stable and unstable, responsible and irresponsible, scattered throughout the world. There would be no rest for anyone then, no stability, no real security, and no chance of effective disarmament. There would o­nly be the increased chance of accidental war."

What is difficult to understand is that after the severe danger of nuclear war during the long decades of the Cold War, are still o­nly 30-minutes or less from nuclear incineration. The reason is that included among the 27,000 nuclear weapons stockpiled in the world, thousands of U.S. and Russian strategic nuclear warheads are o­n hair-trigger alert. The RAND Corporation reports these weapons could be launched in a few minutes notice destroying both countries in an hour. Such a doomsday scenario could result from an accidental missile launch, an early warning system error, or miscalculation.

Why are these genocidal weapons o­n hair-trigger with the daily treat they pose to civilization? It would surely appear to any outside observer to be utter madness. This brings to mind the famous statement by the Greek playwright, Euripides (480-406 BC) after contemplating the senseless human slaughter in the Trojan War: Whom the gods would destroy, they first make mad.

Perhaps ignoring a civilization ending threat year-after-year for decades is a kind of madness. But madness or just incredibly irresponsible, we must wake up and reverse direction before it is forever too late. This danger cannot be overstated. Shortly before leaving office, former United Nations Secretary General, Kofi Annan, stated that among all our serious global problems, nuclear weapons present the greatest danger because they present a unique existential threat to all humanity. In this first month of the seventh year into the new millennium, the great scientist and fellow of the Royal Society, Steven Hawking, stated: As scientists, we understand the dangers of nuclear weapons and their devastating effectsas citizens of the world, we have a duty to alert the public to the unnecessary risks that we live with every day, and to the perils we foresee if governments and societies do not take action to render nuclear weapons obsolete

Sir Martin Rees, president of the Royal Society, professor of cosmology and astrophysics, and master of Trinity College at the University of Cambridge, stated in response to the advancing the nuclear clock: Nuclear weapons still pose the most catastrophic and immediate threat to humanity

Stephen Hawking and Sir Martin Rees both agree that climate change could threaten our civilization, but it is nuclear weapons that are the greatest and immediate threat. It is, therefore, imperative that we join together with an unyielding determination and with an iron will to ensure that nuclear weapons are abolished from the face of the earth. Until then, humanity will be remain, as President Kennedy stated: Under a nuclear sword of Damocles, hanging by the slenderest of threads, capable of being cut at any moment by accident or miscalculation or madness.

Douglas Mattern is President of the Association of World Citizens (AWC)and author of "Looking for Square Two - Moving from War and Violence to Global Community" available o­n Amazon.com AWC email: worldcit @ best.com

PUBLISHED BY SCOOP - NEW ZEALAND 

January 12, 2007

 

When War Business Rules The World


by Douglas Mattern

Every gun that is made, every warship launched, every rocket fired signifies, in the final sense, a theft from those who hunger and are not fed, those who are cold and are not clothed. The world in arms is not spending money alone. It is spending the sweat of its laborers, the genius of its scientists, the hopes of its children. This is not a way of life at all in any true sense. Under the cloud of threatening war, it is humanity hanging from a cross of iron.

President Eisenhower - From a speech before the American Society of Newspaper Editors, April 16, 1953

It's been over thirty-three years since Eisenhower's powerful message and yet the obscenity of the war business continues stronger than ever. Take a recent decision by the Bush Administration to sell F-16 Fighter Jets to Pakistan while at the same time offering to sell the same jet fighters to India, always a potential adversary. Moreover, selling weapons to both sides of a conflict has become standard policy. Data compiled by the Federation of American Scientists shows that since1992, the U.S. exported well over $150 billion worth of weapons to states around the world.

The data also reveals the macabre world arms market is dominated by the U.S., followed by Russia, China, United Kingdom, and scores of other nations wanting their share of this death for profit business.

The truly astronomical money comes from the annual military budgets with the U.S. far in the lead, actually spending nearly as much as all other countries combined. For 2006 the U.S. military (defense) budget came to $426 billion, including $17.5 billion for nuclear weapons, and this does not count the cost of wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. The cost of modern weapons is staggering and immensely profitable. The largest weapons company, Lockheed-Martin, had sales in 2005 amounting to $37.2 billion (this 50 percent higher than the annual United Nations budget for all of its programs). And just think of all the missiles, bombs, etc., that will be replaced for profit by the armament industry after the U.S. military assault o­n Iraq. This conflict is longer than U.S. involvement in World War II, and has transformed Iraq into a nightmare of violence.

There's no business like war business!

The Department of Defense announced plans to spend $1.4 trillion, yes trillion, o­n 70 new weapon systems over the coming years. Moreover, the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) estimates that between 2012 and 2014 the Pentagon budget will have to grow between 18 and 34 percent over the 2006 budget.

No Business Like War Business - A few examples:

Cruise missiles cost over $500,000 each. The CVN-21 aircraft carrier will cost an estimated $13.7 billion. A smaller George H.W. Bush Nimitz-class aircraft carrier will cost $6.1 billion. The new Virginia-class submarine is estimated to cost $2.5 billion each, and a new guided missile destroyer, Arleigh Burke class will cost over $1 billion each. The new F-22 jet fighter, manufactured by Lockheed-Martin, will cost $335 million each, and the Pentagon plan is to purchase 183 F-22s. The FIM-92A Stinger, which is an individual shoulder fired lightweight guided missile, costs $6 million each. The U.S. armament industry is the second most subsidized industry after agriculture.

Profits are up; ethics are down as war business goes into orbit

The next frontier for the war business is space with the Commander-in-Chief of the U.S. Space Command, General Joseph Ashy, concisely stating its overall purpose: "It's politically sensitive, but it's going to happen. Some people don't want to hear this and it sure isn't in vogue, but-absolutely-we're going to fight in space. We're going to fight from space and we're going to fight into space. That's why the U.S. has development programs in directed energy and hit-to-kill mechanisms. We will engage terrestrial targets someday-ships, airplanes, and land targets from space." (From Aviation Week and Space Technology).

Today, scientists and engineers in the weapons industry are working with Pentagon contracts to develop space-based weapons scheduled for deployment 10 and more years from now. The Rand think tank reports weapons under development include space-based lasers, microwave guns, particle beam weapons, and kinetic-energy weapons.

Another weapon is Space Rods, sometimes called "Rods of God" that would be delivered to targets o­n the earth from orbiting space platforms. Jack Kelly, Post-Gazette National Security Writer, reports the rods would be made of tungsten around 20 feet in length and a foot in diameter. The rods could be guided by satellite to targets o­n Earth, striking at speeds of around 12,000 feet per second that would destroy hardened bunkers several stories beneath the surface.

Just imagine our world with weapons orbiting the planet 24-hours every day blocking our last frontier. Is this the end of freedom and human dignity as we gaze to the stars and mystery of the universe, and at the same time, see orbiting lights that are platforms loaded with weapons?

If civilization is to survive and progress, the militarization of space must be stopped, the nuclear weapons industry abolished in every country, and world's largest criminal activity, the war business with its economic, political, and cultural manifestations put permanently out of business.
There is no alternative to stop our planet from becoming a final arsenal of mass destruction.

With apologies to Irving Berlin's Broadway hit, 'There's No Business Like Show Business," we should collectively sing this grim refrain--without restrain--in Ethel
Merman style--but without the smile:

There's no business like war business-- like no business so low

Everything about it is appalling-- everything that greed will allow

Nowhere do you get that sickening feeling-- as when their selling arms like now

There's no people like war people-- they smile as they make dough

Whether selling guns or tanks-- its adds money in their banks

That pays politicians in their ranks--so they can go o­n with the show

To the worldwide audience: We must pull down the curtain o­n the war usiness show. It has lasted far too long and we can no longer tolerate, nor can civilization long endure, the show's merchants of death and architects of destruction. Together we must be the bright light of hope and resolve that obliterates the black business of war by creating conditions where future disputes between peoples and nations (and dealing with terrorists) are settled through the framework of world law.

There is no alternative if we are to survive and move forward to create a better and just world, and a new civilization based o­n respect for life, respect for each other, and respect for the environment.

Douglas Mattern is president of the Assocation of World Citizens and author of Looking for Square Two - Moving from War & Violence to Global Community. 
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ASSOCIATION OF WORLD CITIZENS 




WORKING TOGETHER TO BUILD A WORLD COMMUNITY

AWC GOALS AND PROGRAMS

"I am a citizen, not of Athens, or Greece, but of the world."
- Socrates (5th Century B.C.)


THE ASSOCIATION OF WORLD CITIZENS (AWC) is an international peace organization with branches in 50 countries. Initiated in 1975, AWC has NGO status with the UN's Department of Public Information (DPI), and Consultative Status with the UN's Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC).


The goal is working with people, progressive governments, and international institutions to create a Global Village of lasting peace, social and economic justice, and the foundation for a new civilization based o­n respect for life and the environment. The key to achieve this goal is for people to think and act as responsible Citizens of the World.

World Citizenship is not a replacement for national citizenship, but rather a new responsibility in this interdependent world to work together across national boundaries to secure our common fate.

AWC is working with people, progressive governments, and international institutions to help create a democratic world community with global governance capable of maintaining lasting peace and justice through international law. The key to achieve this goal is for people to think and act as responsible Citizens of the World.

"The age of nations is past, the task before us now, if we are to survive is to shake off our ancient prejudices, and build the earth."
- Teilhard de Chardin

ERADICATION OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS: A top priority is the complete elimination of nuclear weapons from the face of the earth with legal constraints to ensure they can never be built again. There can be no security until this goal is attained. There are 30,000 nuclear weapons stockpiled in this third year of the new millennium. Moreover, thousands of U.S. and Russian nuclear warheads are o­n a hair-trigger alert, ready for launch in a few minutes notice. The immediate task is for all nuclear warheads to be taken off hair-trigger alert status. This would eliminate the possibility of nuclear war through an accidental missile launch or miscalculation and the subsequent destruction of both the United States and Russia within an hour. The elimination of nuclear weapons will lead to the eradication of all weapons of mass destruction.


THE WAR SYSTEM: The goal is the elimination of the war system itself, with future conflicts between peoples and nations to be settled through the framework of world law under the jurisdiction of a much strengthened, democratic, representative, and reformed United Nations. There is no alternative to perpetual war, leading to an ultimate disaster for humanity, or the constant preparation for war, with all the economic, political, and cultural elements that support and rely o­n the war system. An immediate task is to stop the militarization of space, which would turn the heavens above into a new terrorism for humanity below, and make disarmament steps more difficult, if not impossible.

"Abolition of war is no longer an ethical question to be pondered solely by learned philosophers and ecclesiastics, but a hard core o­ne for the decision of the masses whose survival is the issue. Many will tell you with mockery and ridicule that the abolition of war can o­nly be a dream.that it is the vague imagining of a visionary. But we must go o­n or we will go under! We must have new thoughts, new ideas, new concepts. We must break out of the strait jacket of the past. We must have sufficient imagination and courage to translate the universal wish for peace - which is rapidly becoming a universal necessity - into actuality."

"The very triumph of scientific annihilation has destroyed the possibility of war being a medium of practical settlement of international differences. If you lose, you are annihilated. If you win, you stand o­nly to lose. War contains the germs of double suicide. Military alliances, balances of power, leagues of nations all in turn have failed. We have our last chance. If we will not devise some greater and more equitable system, Armageddon will be at our door."
- General Douglas MacArthur

GLOBALIZATION: Globalization can be a step toward a progressive world community. However, this term has been co-opted by those whose goal is a world ruled by a few powerful nations, their corporations, an elite rich minority, and backed by the massive military power of the United States. This is essentially a de facto world government. It is the antithesis of democracy; moreover, corporate economic globalization is a disaster for our planet because this system is dependent o­n constantly expanding markets and mass consumption, which inevitably leads to a polluted and resource depleted planet. Corporate globalization has also widened the shameful gap between rich and poor.


Globalization must be democratic and beneficial to all the people rather than the few. And it must include both social and economic justice. Today, o­nly 20 percent of the world's population has more wealth than the remaining 80 percent. Moreover, this rich 20 percent consume over 80 percent of the world's resources. There is no possibility to establish democracy and a peaceful world under this gross disparity of wealth.


THE UN AND CIVIL SOCIETY:

"We seek to strengthen the United Nations, to help solve its financial problems, to make it a more effective instrument for peace, to develop it into a genuine world security system.capable of resolving disputes o­n the basis of law, of insuring the security of the large and the small, and of creating conditions under which arms can finally be abolished. The will requires a new effort to achieve world law."
- President John Kennedy

REFORM AND DEMOCRATIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS, a "Third Generation UN" as former UN Secretary General Boutros Boutros-Ghali terms it, must include direct representation of people. In cooperation with the Campaign for a More Democratic UN (CAMDUN), AWC actively works for the inclusion of a Peoples Assembly within the UN system, which is possible under Article 22 of the UN Charter. o­ne concept is a two-tier parliament as suggested by former UN Secretary General Perez de Cuellar. o­ne tier would be the General Assembly of nations, and the second tier comprised of civil society, perhaps represented by NGOs.


OPTIONS FOR A PEOPLES ASSEMBLY (CAMDUM)


WORLD CITIZEN ASSEMBLY (WCA): Eleven WCAs have been held to date. The locations included Tokyo, Hiroshima, Paris, Los Angeles, San Francisco, and several in New York City. The latest Assembly was held in Taipei, Taiwan in April of 2001. More than 400 delegates from 52 countries attended. These meetings bring together peace activists from around the world to initiate coordinated global action programs. The next WCA is scheduled for San Francisco in late 2004.

WORLD CITIZENSHIP DAY CELEBRATION: The first World Citizenship Day Celebration was held in San Francisco o­n March 20, 2000. The second celebration was held during WCA 2001 in Taiwan and attended by 20,000 people and 3,000 performers in Taipei Stadium. This is an annual event.

"And so, my fellow Americans: ask not what your country can do for you - ask what you can do for your country. My fellow citizens of the world: ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for the freedom of man."
- John F. Kennedy Inaugural address, 1961

STUDENTS FOR PEACE: An active program reaching out to students to work for peace o­n the local and global level as responsible citizens of the world. This includes a curriculum for students in high school and above to study conflict resolution, the United Nations, and other crucial issues.


The Global Village is not a dream; it is imperative if humankind is to survive. In 1989, UNESCO officially adopted a study o­n human violence entitled the Seville Statement. This study by prominent scientists, academics, and other intellectuals from around the world concluded that war is not inherent in human beings. The violence of war is learned and passed o­n from generation to generation. The Seville Statement concluded: "Since wars begin in the minds of men, so peace also begins in our minds. The same species that invented war is capable of inventing peace. The responsibility lies within each of us.

"We have flown the air like birds and swum the sea like fishes, but have yet to learn the simple act of walking the earth together as brothers."
- Martin Luther King Jr.

"World federation is an ideal that will not die. More and more people are coming to realize that peace must be more than an interlude if we are to survive; that people is a produce of law and order; that law is essential if the force of arms is not to rule the world."
- William O. Douglas - Supreme Court Justice

"Only with a burning patience
can we conquer the Splendid city
that will give light, justice and dignity to all mankind"

-Rimbaud

BECOME A WORLD CITIZEN TODAY
AND BE PART OF THIS GREAT MOVEMENT
TO CREATE A BETTER WORLD FOR THE 21ST CENTURY


The Association of World Citizens
55 New Montgomery Street, Suite 224
San Francisco, CA 94105

Telephone: (415) 541-9610
Fax: (650) 745-0640
Email address is:
info@worldcitizens.org

 

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A HUMAN MANIFESTO

This document was first published in 1972 by Planetary Citizens Registry (no longer in operation) as a full-page ad in the New York Times. The inspiration for this document was initiated by UN Secretary-General U Thant.

The Association of World Citizens has gathered a new list of prominent personalities as endorsers for the reissue of this document. A Human Manifesto is a message of hope and vision in this time of violence and war.

Publication of the Manifesto is the first phase of our Global Peace Campaign. The second phase will be a major peace conference scheduled for San Francisco in late 2003 with the title: "Creating a World Beyond Terrorism and War." Many of the endorsers of A Human Manifesto will participate.



A HUMAN MANIFESTO

Human life o­n our planet is in jeopardy.

It is in jeopardy from war that could pulverize the human habitat.

It is in jeopardy from preparations for war that destroy or diminish the prospects of decent existence.

It is in jeopardy because of the denial of human rights.

It is in jeopardy because the air is being fouled and the waters and soil are being poisoned.

It is in jeopardy because of the uncontrolled increase in population.

If these dangers are to be removed and if human development is to be assured, we the peoples of this planet must accept obligations to each other and to thee generations of human beings to come.

We have the obligation to free our world of war by creating an enduring basis for world peace.

We have the obligation to safeguard the delicate balances of the natural environment and to develop the world's resources for the common good.

We have the obligation to place the human interest, and human sovereignty above national sovereignty.

We have the obligation to make human rights the primary concern of society.

We have the obligation to create a world order in which man neither has to kill or be killed.

In order to carry out these obligations, we the peoples of this world assert our primary allegiance to each other in the family of man.

We declare our individual citizenship to the world community and our support for a United Nations capable of governing our planet in the common human interest.

The world belongs to the people who inhabit it. We have the right to change it, shape it, nurture it.

Life in the universe is unimaginably rare. It must be protected, respected, cherished.

We pledge our energies and resources of spirit to the preservation of the human habitat and to the infinite possibilities of human betterment in our time.


Endorsers of the 2002 reissue of A Human Manifesto

Hafsat Abiola
Founder
Kudirat Initiative for Democracy
Nigeria

Tadatoshi Akiba
Mayor of Hiroshima
Japan

Tony Benn M.P.
English Parliamentarian
United Kingdom

Boutros Boutros-Ghali
Former UN Secretary General
Egypt

Willie L. Brown, Jr.
Mayor
City &
County of San Francisco
USA

Fritjof Capra
Founding Director
Center for Ecoliteracy
USA

Ingvar Carlsson
Former Prime Minister of Sweden
Co-Chair
Commission o­n Global Governance
Sweden

Eugene J. Carroll, Jr.
Rear Admiral, US Navy, Retired
USA

President Jimmy Carter
Nobel Laureate, Peace, 2002
USA

Sir Authur C. Clarke
Author
Sri Lanka

Mairead Corrigan Maquire
Nobel Laureate, Peace, 1976
N. Ireland

Walter Cronkite
Journalist
USA

Mario Cuomo
Former Governor of
New York State
USA

His Holiness Tenzin Gyatso
the 14th Dalai Lama
Nobel Laureate, Peace, 1989
India

Marian Wright Edelman
Founder and President
Children's Defense Fund
USA

Paul Ehrlich
Population and Environmental Scientist
USA

Richard R. Ernst
Nobel Laureate, Chemistry, 1991
Switzerland

Adolfo Perez Esquivel
Nobel Laureate, Peace, 1980
Argentina

Benjamin B. Ferencz
Author
Former Prosecutor at the Nuremberg
War Crimes Trial
USA

President Gerald R. Ford
USA

Arun Gandhi
Co-founder
M. K. Gandhi Institute for Nonviolence
USA

Jane Goodall
Scientist
Founder, Jane Goodall Institute
for Wildlife Research
USA

Hazel Henderson
Author, Futurist, Economist
USA

John Hennessy
President,
Stanford University
USA

Arthur Hiller
Film Director
Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award
2002 Adademy Award Ceremony
USA

Barbara Marx Hubbard
Author, President of Foundation
for Conscious Evolution
USA

Wolfgang Ketterle
Nobel Laureate, Physics, 2001
USA

Frederik Willem de Klerk
Nobel Laureate, Peace, 1993
Former President of South Africa
South Africa

David Krieger, President
Nuclear Age Peace Foundation
USA

Dennis Kucinich
U.S. Congressman
USA

Ervin Laszlo
Author, Scientist, Founder
Club of Budapest
Hungary

Norman Lear
Author, Television Producer
USA

Federico Mayor
Former Director General of UNESCO
Spain

Zubin Mehta
Music Conductor
USA & Israel

Edgar Mitchell
Astronaut
Founder, Institute of Noetic Sciences
USA

Robert Muller
Former Asst. UN Secretary General
Chancellor, University for Peace
Costa Rica

Robert K. Musil
Executive Director
Physicians for Social Responsibility
USA

Seyyed Hossein Nasr
Professor of Islamic
Studies
George Washington University

USA

Anaisabel Prera
Director General
Fundación Cultura de Paz
Spain

Sir Shridath Ramphal
Co-Chairman
The Commission o­n Global Governance
United Kingdom

Robert B. Reich
Former US Secretary of Labor
USA

Douglas Roche O.C.
Senator of Canada
International Chairman
Middle Powers Initiative
Canada

Eleanor Roosevelt
Author, Speaker
Niece of Eleanor Roosevelt
USA

Mstislav Rostropovich
Cellist, Conductor
USA

Joseph Rotblat
Nobel Laureate, Peace, 1995
United Kingdom

Oscar Arias Sanchez
Nobel Laureate, Peace, 1987
Former President of Costa Rica
Costa Rica

Frederick Sanger
Nobel Laureate, Chemistry, 1958, 1980
United Kingdom

Martin Sheen
Actor, Activist
USA

Rt. Rev. Bishop William Swing
Founder, United Religions Initiative
USA

Charles H. Townes
Nobel Laureate, Physics, 1964
USA

Archbishop Desmond Tutu
Nobel Laureate, Peace, 1984
South Africa

Lynne Twist
Author
Vice Chair, Institute of Noetic Sciences
USA

Elie Wiesel
Writer, Nobel Laureate, Peace, 1986
USA

Jody Williams
Nobel Laureate, Peace, 1997
Founding Coordinator
International Campaign To Ban Landmines
USA

Muhammad Yunus
Founder & Director
Grameen Bank
Bangladesh

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