3. Sphere classes, children, the young, women
This sociocultural project gives the answer to a question about the new social actors of the XX1st century capable harmonising the social world and to ensure to it prosperity. The given project is by the major sociocultural project of TetraSociology, which opens a social basis for all other projects. It includes an analysis of sphere classes' and groups' statics, dynamics, structuratics, genetics; statistical estimate of the classes'/groups' numbers in each country and the whole world; and the study of their stratification and mobility in different spheres and countries. It gives the answer to the main question of modernity: what the social actors are capable to give the responses to global challenges of the XX1st century. Some aspects of this project are submitted in the following abstracts.
TetraSociology: Russian Sphere Classes - Formation of New Actors
RC47. Russian forum.
TetraSociology distinguishes in society four spheres of reproduction: social, information, organizational, technical. on the criterion of the reproduction of employment, all the population of Russia is distributed in these spheres, forming sphere classes: Humanitarian (Social), Information, Organizational, Technical. The number of these Russian classes is in 1991 and 1996 accordingly in millions of persons.
The humanitarian class consists of, at first, the employed in branches of public health services, education, social maintenance, physical culture and sports, church (6,8; 7,1), second, not working, but employed by self-reproduction - pensioners, invalids, children, housewives, jobless (74,8; 82,0). Its common number: 81,6 and 89,1.
The information class consists of the employed in branches: science, designing, information service, communication, culture. Its common number: 8,5 and 7,4.
The organizational class consists of the employed in branches of management, jurisprudence, finance, policy. Its common number: 4,0 and 4,6.
The technical class consists of the employed in industries, agriculture, construction, transport, trade and etc. Its common number: 54,4 and 46,9.
The main social contrast of Russia is that the smallest class of country - organizational possesses and disposes mostly of all country resources. This misbalance has reduced country in decline. But it is the main reason of formation of Russian sphere classes as actors of social harmony, excluding of the class struggle and antagonism. The similar sphere classes can be allocated in any country of the world.
TetraSociology: the Game Social Space-Time of Children
RC53, session 7.
The problem of social space - time is until unsolved sociological problem now. one variant of its solution is TetraSociology as the pluralistic theory. In it the social space-time is considered as four-dimensional in system of four coordinate / measurements: Resources, Processes, Structures, States. From them first three coordinates are space and fourth is temporal. Each coordinate is expressed by four variable constants which in their turn are expressed by new statistical indices called sociological or sphere.
The social space-time of children as well as adults has the same coordinates, constants and indices but it has one qualitative difference: it has a game character. The children's relations and occupations are game as the form of children preparation for adult relations and occupations. As far as completely children's games envelop coordinates and constants of social space - time so completely and harmonic children are prepared for adult life. Definition of parameters of children's game life creates methodological basis of childhood sociological researches.
According to four coordinates all children's games are divided on four large groups: 1. Static - games with resources, resource games, 2. Dynamic - games with processes, process games, 3. Structuratic - games with structures, institutional games, 4. Genetic - games with states, temporal games. First are the simplest and last are the most complicated, including the elements first and available for eldest group of children.
We shall name the elementary examples of resource games. The social resources in TetraSociology include four constant groups: People, Information, Organizations, Things. Four classes children's resource games are accordingly selected which conditionally named Humanitarian, Information, Organizational, Technical.
The humanitarian games are games in "people", "professions": "daughters-mothers", "teachers, doctors, pilots, seamen, firemen, cosmonauts " etc. To this class it is necessary to refer and sports games promoted to physical, volitional and moral development of children forming of their character.
The information games are games with information, intellectual games: "guesses", headaches, rebuses, crosswords etc. There are art games and art occupations as games here. In information society this class includes a huge set of computer games which take priority place in children's game world of this society.
The organizational games are games with organizations: the military, administrative, legal, financial etc.
The technical games are games with different things and technics: industrial, building, transport, agricultural etc. The various kinds of children's designing and modelling concern to this class: ship-, air-, electro-, radio- etc.
The children's world is the game world in the same coordinates and constants of social space - time as adults' world. The children's world is the game modelling and assimilation of its coordinates and constants. Quality and structure of the game children's world determine quality and structure of their socialization, their sociological imagination and preparation for adult life. Quality of youth, quality of the person generally are determined by quality of childhood and it is defined by game space - time of children.
TetraSociology as the Response on Childhood Challenge to Sociological Theory
RC53, session 1.
The new information / network society advances youth and children in number of priority social groups of the XX1st century. The requirements to education of children are increased at school and in family considerably. Their traditional systems do not give them new quality that determine rising challenge of childhood. The new quality of training children and children's person in network society requires the new sociological theory.
In history of sociology all theories, with rare exception, ignored interests of children. Until now there is no theory answering their interests. Let us state a hypothesis: the traditional monistic theories are not relevant to interests of children but only pluralistic theories are relevant to them. one of them arisen in end of the XXth century is TetraSociology as the pluralistic theory of four-dimensional social space - time in four its of coordinates / measurements: Resources, Processes, Structures, States. TetraSociology is one of the possible responses on childhood challenge to sociological theory. It makes the following conclusions.
- Rights of children formulated in the UN Declaration on Children Rights are united in four groups appropriate to spheres of life of society and children. Infringement of children rights should be qualified as criminal and/or moral crime before children with the appropriate sanctions. 1. (On the basis of TetraSociology and its appendices to childhood in 1991 by group of the scientists and lawyer of Children's fund by name of F.M.Dostoevsky, which president was I, the first Family code project of new, postkommunist Russia is developed.)
- The interests of harmonic and reliable development of children are answered not monogamous family which is adequate to man's domination but tetragamy (two wives and two husbands) which creates also family equal rights to women, and family reliability to children, and new quality of their family education.
- The adequate status of childhood requires allotment of the minors by the election right which is passed to the parents, mothers first of all. It will eliminate political discrimination of interests of children saved until now.
- The harmonic school education of children requires balance of school disciplines and programs on four spheres of society and children life. (Project of similar school reform of Russia is developed by me in 1988.)
TetraSociology giving the substantiation to these conclusions is the theory adequate to interests of childhood.
TetraSociology: Constructing and Using of Four-Dimensional Social Space - Time in the Analysis of Youth
RC34, session 5.9.
The sociological analysis of social space - time (SST) of youth lifts its research on new level. TetraSociology is one of the pluralistic theories of SST. TetraSociology opens the statics, dynamics, structuratics and genetics of youth, its situation in coordinates of SST, dependence of its the actions from social resources, processes, structures (institutes) and states. It analyzes functions of SST as the important principles of organization for private and public experience of youth as tools of constructing of their identity and structuring of their social practices. on the basis of these parameters the diversity of concrete places of daily live of youth is investigated. But it considers time and its acceleration priority in relation to coordinates of space.
The research of a statics, dynamics, structuratics and genetics of the youth conflicts in coordinates the SST allows to outline profiles of 'resistance identities' of the young people to understand use by them of features the SST as the weapon, in particular, against globalization and in protection of the traditional forms. The youth should master sociological principles of constructing and using of SST. It is necessary for harmonization of itself social practices vital biography personal growth. Technological using of new statistics based on new, sphere, indices of SST opens before youth a new input in cyberspace, globalization and calculation of SST parameters with the purpose of them harmonization.
TetraSociology as the Response on Feminist Challenge to Sociological Theory
RC16, session 14. RC32, session 5.
Actuality of the gender equality problem in all society spheres, completeness of women rights on a level with men is not reduced but increased. on information of " UN Fund Development for Women " for last 10 years only 8 countries have executed the international conventions on observance of sexes equality principle. The women continue to make majority poor and have not equivalent access to all resources. Despite of series of significant successes the discrimination does not cease, up to equality far, and in series of cases the status of women was even reduced.
Among many social reasons of gender inequality the considerable role belongs to sociological theory. In history of sociology almost all of its theories, behind single exceptions, were created by men and for men. The domination of men in all society spheres was reflected in theory. Until now there is no sociological theory which answered on interests of women. To feminism and gender equality of rights resist political totalitarism, man's extremism, religious fundamentalism, theoretical monism, common in essence.
Let us state hypothesis: the theories of monistic quality answered the interests of men and the theories of pluralistic character answered the interests of men and women. one of them is TetraSociology arisen in end of the XXth century. Principal values of TetraSociology are harmony and equilibrium including gender.
TetraSociology is one of the possible response on feminist challenge on the following positions.
- The masculine potential of aggression and violence exploited by the past loses the social priority in information / network society.
- The masculine priority in the past put foundation of modern civilisation but the female priority will give perfection and new source of its development. This priority is created by real female equality.
- In information society accepting ideal of social prosperity on base of harmony and information priority gain female harmony and peaceful disposition.
- It is necessary for prosperity: a) equal participation of women in all spheres include government, b) equal right to power of four sphere classes of population and women, c) passage from monogamy as dominance man to tetragamy (two wives and two husbands) as real family equality women, d) appropriation to minors of the election rights which are passed to the parents, first to mothers, e) recognizing of female labour in family as equitable labour.
TetraSociology affirming necessity of equal participation of women in all spheres, including government, is feminist theory adequate to interests both women and men.