10. Sphere Democracy is Global Democracy
The global world needs global forms of democracy, a democracy which, while universal in its core, does not impinge on nations', cultures', or traditions' political specificity. Sphere democracy can become a form of such democracy. Sphere democracy is based on global and harmonious sphere classes, elected representatives of which equally participate in the workings of state power, of all its branches and organs. only this kind of government can become harmonious and is able to organizationally ensure social harmony and prosperity. Any disharmonious government, including democratic ones, reproduces nothing but disharmony.
Montesquieu discovered that the quality of power structures, "democracy's strength and prosperity," depend on "the correct classification of people". For him, the greatest legislators were Solon, who divided the Greeks into four classes, and Servius Tullius, who divided the Romans into six classes.These classes not only elected governmental officials, but provided themselves, via voting, persons for the posts. Organisation of the power structures in accordance with these classes' interests brought the Greeks and the Romans prosperity, lasting for several centuries. Hence, Montesquieu formulated "the main law of republic" and democracy: "Dividing the population into classes that have the right to vote".
The problem lies in choosing the criterion for dividing a population into equal classes of power. For the high quality of global democracy, the appropriate division of population into classes is needed; one of major versions of such a division is division into sphere classes according to the criterion of main sphere employment. Each one equally needed by society, sphere classes should have power divided between them; such division is the sphere democracy's, or tetrademocracy's, backbone. The remote historical analogue of a tetrademocracy is tetrarchia in ancient Greece and Roman empire.This socio-cultural project is to gradually bring nearer sphere democracy and to gradually prepare the necessary conditions. The next abstract outlines sphere democracy's content. Sphere democracy is a possible response to the challenges of the XXIst century democracy.
TetraSociology: Sphere Quality of Classes and
Democracy in the XX1st Century.
Concept of a Global Democracy.
RC18 Session 4. RC35 Session 1
TetraSociology as a global model of four-dimensional social space - time is distinguished into four spheres of social reproduction with its own objects, products and appropriate technologies.1. Social (Human) sphere: its object and products are populations which are reproduced by humanitarian technologies of education, public health etc. 2. Information sphere: its object and products are information which is reproduced by information technologies. 3. Organizational sphere: its object and products are public relations and organizations (political, legal, financial, managerial), which are reproduced by organizational technologies. 4. Technical (material, economic) sphere: its object and products are things, all material wealth, which are reproduced by industrial and agronomic technologies.
The population of any region is divided on employment (occupation) in these spheres on appropriate SPHERE classes: Humanitarian (Social, Human), Informational, Organizational, and Technical. The middle class also has sphere quality as it enters as the middle strata in all sphere classes. Up to the 2nd half of the XXth century the sphere of economics was dominant. The social structure of society was branch, appropriated by branches of economics: workers, peasants, managers and owners. The branch form of democracy saved until now corresponded to branch classes. In the second half of the XXth century in connection with rapid growth of non-material spheres especially information and connected with it a reduction of employment in material sphere the transition from branch to sphere social structure from branch to sphere classes of society has begun. The branch classes are antagonistic and the sphere classes are non-antagonistic. The process of forming and consciousness of sphere classes identity only begins. The passage from branch to SPHERE democracy or TETRADEMOCRACY has happened in parallels.
The main signs of its sphere quality: (1) Equal distribution of power between sphere classes and equal participation of their representatives in all government bodies; (2) Forming of political parties not on branch and on sphere principle; (3) Participation in elections of all populations including minors by transference of their voice right to their parents; (4) Fixation in Constitutions of sphere democracy of population division by sphere classes, with equal importance, equal rights to power, equal representation in all governmental bodies, equal rights of each sphere class on control all other, and with equal representation of men, women and youth in these bodies.
The sphere quality will ensure a new level of democratism and power responsibility for people, minimization of corruption and other abuses of power. The tendency of society and State divergence, and insufficient representation of society in State is overcome by TetraDemocracy, sphere organisation of the State. It is appropriate to the requirements and challenges of the new century: it is global. The development of the sociocultural project of sphere democracy and its promotion require the interdisciplinary and international scientific efforts, which will occupy not one decade. However, rather than traditional branch actors (groups, classes), it's sphere classes are actors of harmony that need sphere democracy as global democracy. Until they self-identify and self-organize, emergence of a sphere democracy is unlikely. It is difficult to hope for the origin of a single democracy without it.