About Us


Harmony Forum

Peace from Harmony
Jean de Dieu Basabose. Peace and harmony in Africa through education



Global Harmony Association Board Member




Masters Degree in Conflict resolution and Peace Studies

Executive Director, Shalom Educating for Peace in Africa

 Kigali, Rwanda






First name : Jean de Dieu

Surname : BASABOSE

Date of Birth : August 8th, 1974

Place of Birth: Rwamagana District

Eastern Province ofRwanda

At 52 Km from Kigali-Town

Identity card number: 15 873 / 97

Passport number: 021 305

Marital status: Married (UWIMANA Graces Husband and SHEMA B. Jeans Father)

Sex : Male

Nationality : Rwandan

Adress :Tel. 250 08403868

E-mail: basajd@yahoo.fr

Residence: Buhoro, Kibenga, Ndera, Gasabo District, Kigali City, The Republic of Rwanda






Name of Schoolor Faculty

Certificate, Diploma or Degree obtained

















2005- Dec, 2006

Primary School at Rwamagana


Gitwe Adventist College


Modern Languages School at National University of Rwanda


Faculty of Education at National University of Rwanda(Regular student)


Faculty of Education at National University of Rwanda (Part time student)




University of Kwazulu Natal, School of Management, Conflict Resolution and Peace Studies. Masters Programme ( by Distance Learning)

Primary school Certificate


Diploma in Pedagogy


Certificate in English Language



Bachelors Degree in Educational Psychology


Bachelors Degree in School Psychology (attesting documents are not yet available)




Masters Degree in Conflict resolution and Peace Studies




In 1999(one year): part time Teacher at Groupe Scolaire des Parents in Butare Town


From January to March 2001:practical training period at Save Teacher Trainig Center


From January to March 2003 : practical training(internership) in School Psychology at Collège de Kigali (APACOPE)


From May 2003 to October 2006 , I Worked with an Initiative called El-Ezer Counseling Ministry(ECM). Through this Initiative I have gotten the opportunities to participate as facilitator in different seminars o­n Biblical based Counseling and Child Development in different provinces of Rwanda. Working with ECM has offered to me good opportunities to be familiar with different christian denominations and institution and I have explored and understood the realities and challenges that churches of Rwanda[ of the after genocide and war period] are facing.


Through the collabarition of ECM and World Relief Rwanda,as o­ne of facilitators,I participated in training on Looking after and accompagning children at risk. The training organized in all provinces by World Relief Rwanda for voluntiers caring for orphans and other vulnerable children from different churches all over the country.


In January 2004, I participated as o­ne of Facilitators in a o­ne week seminar o­n Understanding and helping children living with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders in Goma, Democratic Republic of Congo


From March 2007 to March 2008 , I work with Labenevolencija Rwanda as part time consultant and coordinate its activities in Eastern Province.




  • Kinyarwanda: very fluently
  • French: fluently
  • English: relatively fluent
  • Swahili: little




1.Mr Vincent RYAMUGEMA , Chief Executive of the Prime Minister Office, Kigali Rwanda,Tel 250 08304289

2.Mr MUSARE Faustin, Director General of Government affairs and civil society in the office of President of the Republic, Kigali Rwanda,tel. 250 08300199

3.Honorable GAHONDOGO Anastasie, Member of Education Commission/Rwanda Parliament, Tel 250 08858967

4.Professor Harris Geoff, the Director of Conflict Resolution and Peace Studies at the University of Kwazulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa. E-mail : harrisg1@ukzn.ac.za



  • Church activities
  • Tourism



The titles of my studies final dissertation papers are:

oAdéquation entre la politique éducative du secteur formel et la politique de réduction de la pauvreté au Rwanda., Mémoire inédit, présenté en vue de lobtention du diplôme de Licencié en Psychopédagogie, Butare, Université National du Rwanda, Octobre 2002

oEtude exploratoire des causes externes de retards scolaires chez les écoliers du District de Mirenge (Kibungo), Mémoire inédit, présenté en vue de lobtention du diplôme de Licencié en Psychologie Scolaire, Butare, Université National du Rwanda, 2005

This second research was sponsored by Center for British Teachers. There is a documentary visual audio cassette edited for presenting the findings. The findings were presented to different education stakeholders in Rwanda in 2005 during the Joint Review: Rwanda Education Sector.


From July to November 2006, I was carrying out a Research Article to be presented in partial fulfilment of the requirements of the Masters Degree in Conflict Resolution and Peace Studies at the University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa. The title of the research article is The Contribution of the Office of the Ombudsman to Peacebuilding Efforts in Rwanda


From 9 to 11 August 2006, I was facilitating a workshop o­n Resolving Conflict and building sustainable lasting peace. The workshop was organised by the Office of Ombudsman/Rwanda for its agents. During the workshop,the agents of this national high institution in charge of fighting against injustices and corruption were brought around meditating o­n their role as peacebuilders. We took time to question what kind of justice that can fit the context of Rwanda: Restorative justice have meritoriously been related and appreciated. Equally, we took time to learn how to analyse and approach conflicts. And we took time to critically and comparatively analyse disputes resolution continuum( including judiciary approach, arbitration, mediation, negociation, conciliation,..)


From September 2006, I have been requested by the direction of UMUCYO Community Radio to animate a weekly interactive emission o­n peacebuilding. This is a good opportunity offered to me for educating community for peace.


On 17 september and 15 october 2006, I participated as principal speaker in the conference o­n Understanding, preventing and fighting against domestic violence organized by the Scripture Union of Rwanda. The conferences took place at Kigali, from 14:00 to 17:30.


I am developing peace education training manual for parents and educators. The volume o­ne containing 50 lessons is already at the disposal of users.


I am the co-initiator of Shalom Educating for Peace and I am the Executive Director of the organization. The organization has the aim of building and sustaining positive peace in Africa.


My passion: Offering to the World the best I can.


Kigali, July 2008

Jean de Dieu BASABOSE




E D U C A T I N G    F O R    P E A C E

Q U A U G U S T   2 0 0 8

V O L U M E 1 , I S S U E 1


Nonviolence is the answer to the crucial political and moral questions of our time; the need for mankind to overcome oppression and violence without resorting to oppression and violence. Mankind must evolve for all human conflict a method which rejects revenge, aggression, and retaliation. The foundation of such a method is love.

~Martin Luther King Jr.



M O R E  A B O U T  S H A L O M


Shalom is a non-government organization with a focus o­n the Great Lakes region with the expectation of expanding to the entire African continent. Shalom is currently active in Rwanda and Burundi. Shalom seeks to partner with development organizations that are active in these countries, equipping their staff with the ability to train others in peace principles. Organizations interested in being trained in peace principles must please contact Shalom for further information.



Shalom was founded by Jean de Dieu Basabose and Cori Wielenga (pictured right), former students of the Conflict Resolution and Peace Studies department of the University of KwaZulu Natal, South Africa. Both completed postgraduate studies which focused o­n sustainable peace in the Great Lakes region. Shaloms vision is to empower African communities to:



  • prevent violent conflict
  • non-violently resolve conflict
  • build a culture of non-violence
  • move towards reconciliation


This vision is implemented through our three principal activities: peace education, research and non-violent action. Subscribe to this bi-monthly newsletter to keep upto-date with Shaloms activities!



S H A L O M S    P R O J E C T S    I N   2 0 0 8




This project seeks equip youth leaders in training youth in peace principles. Shalom has developed a training manual to assist these leaders in this task. The aim is to reach 250 youth leaders in 50 local churches through this training.




Currently members of Shalom speak o­n a weekly community radio program in Rwanda, called Umcyo, where peace principles are discussed and debated and people can call in with their questions and comments.



N O N V I O L E N C E : A   WAY   O F   L I F E

By Geoff Harris


I have learned the very important difference between non-violence and nonviolence. It is a difference which distinguishes peace studies, I think, from disciplines such as political science.


Non-violence is the opposite of violence in that it does not use violent methods. Rather than use corporal punishment, a parent might lock a child in their room and a teacher may require a child to write out lines. Note that the motive of the parent/teacher is to win and for the child to lose (and maybe, in order to avoid the punishment, to change their behaviour).


Nonviolence is much more than the absence of violence. Gandhi's use of the Sanskrit word ahimsa emphasises not just the absence of violence but the positive quality of its opposite. To Gandhi and Martin Luther King, nonviolence was an intensely positive attitude towards human beings, including those with whom they were in conflict, which encouraged them to give up any desire to injure an enemy and to replace it with an attitude of love. They identified this with agape, the Greek word for spiritual love. The action which stems from agape is satyagraha and has three main principles: respect for persons, an emphasis o­n persuasion instead of coercion and consistency between the ends aimed for and the means used to achieve these ends.


This distinction between non-violence (the replacement of violence by other ways of defeating an enemy) and nonviolence (built o­n love and respect for opponents and without the intent of defeating them) is a crucial o­ne. This is a great challenge and goes far beyond using non-violent methods. It involves a different way of thinking about other people. For Gandhi and King, spiritual resources were vital in helping them build this new mindset.


Geoff Harris is director of the Conflict Resolution and Peace Studies program at the University of KwaZulu Natal, South Africa. He is editor of Achieving Security in Sub-Saharan Africa: Cost-effective Alternatives to the Military and Recovery from Armed Conflict in Developing Countries.


S H A L O M S P R O J E C T S   I N   2 0 0 8 , C O N T I N U E D . . .




In partnership with the Peace Academy of Costa Rica Shalom hopes to implement this project which educates communities in nonviolent communication and emotional awareness.




In this project, Shalom will assist in the development of adult literacy material, communicating peace principles through adult literacy. Further, Shalom will train adult literacy project staff in peace principles for them to carry these over in adult literacy classes.




Shalom seeks to educate communities through the use of song and theatre, which is an accessible and cost-effective form of entertainment for struggling communities.


I N T E R N S H I P       O P P O R T U N I T I E S


Shalom welcomes anyone wanting to follow an internship, wanting a learning encounter or wanting to volunteer for whatever length of time. There are multiple opportunities for a variety of volunteer activities.


P A R T N E R     W I T H      S H A L O M


Shalom is entirely dependant o­n gifts and donations to remain operational. Help us make our projects a reality and transform communities for peace! Contact us for more information.


C O N T A C T     S H A L O M

In Rwanda

Jean de Dieu Basabose

P.O. Box 6210, Kigali,


Tel.: +250 0840 3868

e-mail : basajd@yahoo.fr

In South Africa

Cori Wielenga

Tel.: +27 82 400 2505

e-mail: cori@absamail.co.za


In Burundi:

Jean Hareremina

Tel: +257 7999 9257

e-mail: hareprime@yahoo.fr






Jean de Dieu Basabose

Corianne Wielenga



July 2009




From 26 to 28 June 2009, Shalom Educating for Peace organized a pilot Peace and Reconciliation Education through Songs and Theatre (PREST) event in Rwamagana District, Eastern Province of Rwanda. This report presents details of the seminar o­n the 26th, the PREST event o­n the 27th and the church service o­n the 28th. Please note that although Shalom is an inter-faith organization, in the Rwandan context many events take place within the context of the Christian church.




SEP is deeply grateful to the many organizations and individuals who contributed to the success of the event. Among them, SEP is grateful for the support and significant contribution from Graham Dyson of the Centre for Peacebuilding and Conflict Management in Norway, Prof. Geoff Harris, director of the Centre for Conflict Resolution and Peace Studies, Mr Heli Habyarimana of the University of Kibungo and Mr Emile Adjibi from the UNDP. Further, Shalom would like to thank the following individuals for their contributions: Richard Gunton, Debbie Garner, Anne van Es, and Nina and Manfred McKenzie. Within Rwanda, Shalom would like to thank the Rwamagana District Authorities, the Rwamagana Pentecostal Church/ADEPR, and the Intumwa Choir.


Also, SEP reserves thankful recognitions for moral support and messages from Prof. Ada Aharoni, Founder-President of IFLAC (the International Forum for the Literature and Culture of Peace) in Israel, Susana Roberts, Vice-Director of IFLAC in Argentina, Dr. Leo Semashko, president of the Global Harmony Association in Russia and Dot Maver (Co-Director) and Mike Abkin (Director of Organizational Development and Operations) of the National Peace Academy in the United States of America.



A.Seminar o­n Forgiveness and Reconciliation


Date: Friday 26 June 2009


Participants: 29 members of the Reconciliation Forum in the Rwamagana District

Venue: Ikambere Motel, Rwamagana



The specific objectives of the conference were:

Gathering themembers of Reconciliation Forum around the theme of reconciliation


Helping them understanding the concept ofreconciliation which is most of the time misunderstood and confused with the concept of cohabitation


Dialoguing o­n ways to reinforce the efforts made to move Rwandan society towards sustainable reconciliation



Jean de Dieu Basabose, Executive Director of SEP, holds a Masters degree in Conflict Resolution and peace studies and has five years experience as a peacebuilder.


Penine Uwimbabazi is Board member of SEP. She hold a Masters degree in Conflict Resolution and peace studies. She is interested in Leadership and peacebuilding. She is part time lecturer at ULK- Gisenyi campus.


Corianne Wielenga is co-founder and co-director of SEP. She is currently completing her doctorate in peace studies and is working o­n a project for Nonviolence in schools. Her current research is o­n Story telling as means of healing and reconciliation in Rwanda.


Seminar Timetable




8:30 9:00

Installation and registration


9:00 9: 30

Opening session


Basabose Jean de Dieu presented the mission of SEP and the idea of organizing the event


Madam Brigitte Murekatete, Responsible for the Good Governance Unit in Rwamagana district, presented its intervention in the domain of reconciliation and the situation of the recently established Reconciliation forum. She officially opened the conference.

SEP, Rwamagana Districtand NURC

9:30 9:45

Tea/Coffee break


9:45 10:30

Presentation 1 : Concepts of Forgiveness and reconciliation

Jean de Dieu Basabose

10:30 11:10

Presentation 2: Leadership that fosters sustainable reconciliation

Penine Uwimbabazi

11:10 11:50

Presentation 3 : Storytelling as means towardshealingand sustainable reconciliation

Corianne Wielenga

11:50 12:30

Questions, complements and observations


12:30 1:10



1:10 2:10



2:10 3: 15

Responses to questions and exchanging ideas

Presenters and participants

3:15 3:40



3:40 4:00

Closing session

SEP, Rwamagana Districtand NURC



Summary of the presentations


Jean de Dieu Basabose: Concepts of Forgiveness and reconciliation

The presenter helped participants understanding the concept of forgiveness as an inevitable step to reconciliation. He underlined the necessity of reconciliation in Rwandan society considering its historical background marked by multifaceted divisions, wars and genocide.


To move toward reconciliation, it is important to help people engage in the process of understanding the difference between reconciliation and cohabitation. It is true that peaceful coexistence significantly contributes to the process of reconciliation.

The presentation focused o­n the following:

-the concept of forgiveness

-the four stages of forgiving: hurt, hate, healing and coming together

-Why do we need to forgive?

-Repenting and forgiving: is repenting a sine qua none condition to forgiving?

-The concept of reconciliation

-Who should reconcile?

-Journey towards reconciliation


Penine Uwimbabazi: Leadership that fosters sustainable reconciliation


Good leadership plays an important role in the process of building sustainable reconciliation. The presenter took time to explain the concept of leadership and its evolution from the 18th century. Leadership is a way to bring together leaders and people in order to collaborate and cooperate toward a clear objective. No o­ne can reconcile people; people reconcile themselves. Also, it is impossible to force people to reconcile. Thus, the role of leaders is to prepare the ground for reconciliation and sensitize the community to undertake the process.


Corianne Wielenga: Storytelling as means towardshealingand sustainable reconciliation


This presentation explored storytelling as a means to healing and reconciliation in the South African context, with relevance to the process in Rwanda. The presenter begin with sharing some stories from South Africans that illustrated the central place that a persons story plays in their own healing and reconciliation processes. Much of the conflict we experience interpersonally or o­n a global scale is related to issues of identity. As we share our stories we reveal our relationship to our own identity, the identity of others and even our national identity. As the source of much conflict lies with identity related issues, so the source of healing and reconciliation lies here as well.

Above: Corianne presents while Penine translates


Observations from participants


What they learned from the seminars:

Understanding the process of reconciliation among Rwandans as a big challenge: although an appreciable work has been done much still has to be done.

To analyze without partial emotions. The problems Rwandan society has is related to its historical background.

The seminar helped to introspect in this journey towards reconciliation

The seminar revives the willingness to make all efforts for reconciliation with fellow Rwandans

Understanding the necessity and importance of forgiveness and reconciliation in order to live at peace

Understanding that everyone, offender and victim, has a significant and irreplaceable role to play in the process of reconciliation.

No o­ne can be forced to forgive. It is and should be a free and voluntary engagement.

It is possible to forgive even before offender asks for pardon

The offender needs to forgive him/herself.

Forgiving heals.


What should be done in order to strengthen the Reconciliation Forum:

Periodically organizing such a seminar

Organizing a workshop o­n the same themes but with sufficient time in order to allow participants to openly express their feelings and thoughts.

Building the capacities of the forum to analyze conflicts

Helping the members of the Forum to heal their emotional wounds and equip them with the capacity to help others healing

Expend the training o­n forgiveness and reconciliation and reach leaders and opinion leaders at grassroots level.

Learning from experience of other countries o­n how they are moving toward sustainable reconciliation

Gathering offenders and victims and dialoguing o­n the necessity of repenting, forgiving and reconciliation for building a promising future

Building the capacities of the forum members to positively resolve conflicts and make peace in their communities

Getting different materials to help them educate their community for reconciliation and peace and sustain their work at grassroots level.

Organizing a workshop or symposium o­n the role of economic development and poverty reduction in sustaining the process of reconciliation

Organizing a workshop o­n the role of good governance in the process of reconciliation

Establishing a platform o­n Rwandan history in order to read together the history and avoid divergences and different antagonistic tendencies.


What they realize are the obstacles and challenges to the process of reconciliation in Rwanda:

Divergences o­n Rwandan history

Lack of a platform where people can sit and speak truth to each other in their community, at grassroots level

Many people disguise their feelings and thoughts o­n the way the reconciliation process is undertaken: some people seem they appreciate what is done whereas they are not convinced and satisfied of the process.

Lack of educational resources materials

Genocidal and divisionist ideology persists among some people

Many of offenders who do not truly beg pardon

Poverty hinders the process of reconciliation

Silence, fear and suspicion

Lack of capacity of doing monitoring and evaluation of reconciliation projects implemented at grassroots level

Different versions and views ( divergent versions) o­n the 1994 genocide

Misconception of what reconciliation is (most of time it is confused with cohabitation)


What are the measures undertaken by the forum to overcome the challenges:

Looking for how to frequently organize trainings and exchanges o­n reconciliation process at grassroots level (at village level).

Organizing exchanges and dialogue o­n Rwandan history

Frequent meetings of the forum members for sharpening the vision toward sustainable reconciliation and refreshing their efforts.

Continually mobilize community for reconciliation and peace

Create a dialogue space where offenders and victims wit their respective families could meet for redressing and restorative practices

Establishing reconciliation forums for different categories including youth, women, political leaders, religious leaders, students, etc.


What they recommend to:


District Authorities

National Unity and Reconciliation Commission

Shalom Educating for Peace and other NGOs

ØEducate leaders and citizen to speak truth to each other

ØRecognizing that reconciliation is a voluntary process and no o­ne should be forced to forgive or beg for pardon

ØStrengthening the forum and explaining its role to district


ØThe program of reconciliation should be included in the performance contract of the district authority






ØOrganizing workshops o­n reconciliation processes at grassroots/village level (Umudugudu)

ØHelping the Forum to own the process and sharpen members understanding of the responsibilities given to them

ØAvailing educational resource material to use in educating community for reconciliation and peace

ØCreate dialogue spaces where victims and offenders could meet and speak truth with each other and build strong foundations for sustainable reconciliation.

ØTechnically and financially support local initiatives for reconciliation

ØOrganize training o­n recovery, forgiveness and reconciliation

ØAvail educational resources material to use in educating community for reconciliation and peace

ØShalom should re-organize such a seminar, deepen its content and reserve enough time for dialogue ( more than o­ne day)

ØOrganizing frequent meetings and visits to the Forum in order to support its efforts toward reconciliation



  1. Peace and reconciliation education through songs and theatre


Date: Saturday 27 June 2009


Porgram: Shalom Educating for Peace and Intumwa choir organized a concert. The slogan of the concert was: WE NEED RECONCILIATION, WE NEED PEACE.

Attendance: Around 800 people attended the concert.


Songs: Intumwa choir (pictured left) presented songs that call people to do good, commit to positive living and harmonious relationships, treat each other as they would like to be treated, and make efforts for sustaining the process of reconciliation in Rwandan society.

Theatre: Intumwa choir presented the story of Biblical story of Joseph. Josephs forgiveness of his brothers is a good example of the reconciliation process.

Teaching: Jean de Dieu Basabose addressed the attendees and based his preaching o­n Psalm 34:14. The verse says: Turn from evil and do good; seek peace and pursue it. . He explained that if we want to live at peace we have to make peace by peaceful means. He called everyone to commit to positive practices and to do good to each other and they will live at peace: we reap what we sow.

Messages: Messages from different peaceworkers around the world were delivered. Corianne Wielenga read the messages and Madam Josephine translated them into Kinyarwanda. The messages are presented below:



1.Prof. Ada Aharoni, Founder - President of IFLAC: The International Forum for the Literature and Culture of Peace, Israel


World IFLAC sends  its deepest appreciation to the Shalom NGO  Prest Project headed by Jean de Dieu Basabose, and our warmest wishes for your  Peace and Reconciliation Education Event in Rwamagana, Rwanda.

We also commend the brave Rwanda people, who guided by Shalom, are making all efforts to reconciliation after 15 years of cruel wars and atrocious genocide. May you succeed in your noble and impressive efforts and may your reconciliation project be a great success. May it also be an example to the Middle East and to the whole world!


May you and the people of Rwanda see no more suffering but o­nly joy, peace, health and creativity,


Sincerely, Ada Aharoni


2.Susana Roberts, Vice-Director IFLAC (The International Forum for the Literature and Culture of Peace),Patagonia, Argentina


Dear Jean De Dieu Basabose,


My message...with love and respect..


As a member of a community who is identified with the fight and the traditional processes of peace through  the Literature in this world of globalization where any human being does not exist o­nly as an individual; we all  obtain sense and value as persons from our existential belonging to a human community that includes the rights to a quality of worthy life, the right to the moral and cultural values, the right to the religion, etc, For this reason I'm sending my support for the recovery of the people of Rwanda and to Shalom NGO  in its Project. I wish to give my moral  help to intensify the efforts in this process of reconciliation encouraged by the value to the justice and the peace after fifteen years of the genocide suffered to more of 1,000,000 victims in this country.


From a Latin America that also carries with a memory of countries fights and from the Argentine coast Atlantic south close to the warmth of the group IFLAC we request for the people of Rwanda the constant reconstruction o­n the bases of a great  solidity and human understanding


Susana Roberts


3.Dr. Leo Semashko,Global Harmony Association President, Russia

The genocide in any country is a deep national and cultural trauma for both parties. To eradicate possibility of repetition of genocide there is no the best way, than harmonious education since childhood through a science, culture, song, theatre and other art forms. The Rwanda culture, as well as any nation, is full of the harmony motives, which it is necessary to develop and inform to consciousness of each child and the young man to make harmony by a priority value of everyone Rwandan. I fully approve your PREST event, which bears harmony through education, songs and theatre. I wish to Shalom the greatest success in its PREST event.

With love, peace and harmony wishes,

Dr. Leo Semashko


4.Dot Maver (Co-Director) and Mike Abkin (Director of Organizational Development and Operations), National Peace Academy, United States of America

In this United Nations year of reconciliation, we thank our brothers and sisters in Rwanda and are with you in spirit as you gather in support of healing and creating a world that works for everyone. We are grateful for your courage and willingness to come together in unity and healing. We at the National Peace Academy are also educating for peace and celebrate the arts in all cultures as o­ne global family. It is through education that we will help our children know themselves as peacebuilders. May we all learn to contribute our unique gifts to the world in the spirit of peace.

Dot Maver and Mike Abkin

Film: Around 1,000 people came to watch three excellent locally produced short films educating the community o­n forgiveness and reconciliation. After each film, Penine took time to discuss the content. It was discovered that visual media was a powerful method to teach communities, especially where a considerable number of people are illiterate.


Hundreds of members of the community attend the PREST event


  1. Church service at Gatare Chapel, Rwamagana


Date: Sunday, 28 June 2009

Attendance: 300 people


Program: Jean de Dieu Basabose preached o­n reconciliation. He based his teaching o­n Ephesians 2:14-18. The verses highlighted during the preaching was verse 14 which says: For He (Jesus) Himself is our Peace, who made the two o­ne and has destroyed the barrier, the dividing wall of hostility; and verse 17: He (Jesus) came and preached peace to you who were far away and peace to those who were near. The preacher underlined the new mindset that should characterize the followers of Jesus Christ. It is inconceivable to see Christians mistreating each other, a strong wall of hostility built between them, lasting enmity, hating each other, killing, etc, while they were supposed to love each other, support each other, and carry each others burden. He called the assembly to commit themselves to Christian life, reconcile themselves, bring down the hate between people and practice the gold rule which is: do to others what you would have them do to you(Matthew 7:12, Bible NIV)



  1. General observations and lesson learned



The Forum members represent different categories of the population. So, their observations and concerns reflect the reality of the society.


People confuse reconciliation with cohabitation. o­n o­ne hand, some people say that Rwandans reached the last point of the process of reconciliation. They justify this assertion by the fact that Rwandans across ethnic groups live together, work together, study together, and so o­n. o­n the other hand, other people, after understanding the concept of reconciliation observed that reconciliation among Rwandans is still a big challenge and much still needs to be done. These contradictory views justify the necessity of organizing such seminars.


It would be good idea to create dialogue clubs at grassroots level where people could speak truth to each other, listen to each other and envision the future together.


Songs and theatre:

In terms of community mobilization, the PREST project can reach many people, attract the interest of people and is cost-effective.


Using stories, theatre and song reflecting the realities of peoples life could have more impact than using material presenting other realities from far away. Thus, it is necessary to produce local educational resource materials reflecting the reality of targeted community.


Educating people through existing structures and usual practices like church activities, concerts and entertainment would be easiest way to reach people and could have a remarkable impact o­n the daily life of people.





List of participants in the seminar o­n Forgiveness and Reconciliation:





1.Furaha Jean Claude


Gacaca Jurdiction coordinator

2.Ndikubwimana Eric


Agent in charge of Etat Civil

3.Ruramirwa Philip


Agent in charge of Etat Civil

4.Niyonsaba Aloys


Agent in charge of Etat Civil

5.Dusabe Esther


Student forum coordinator

6.Cyiza Jean


Pastor, Pentecostal church

7.Rutoke Martin


Coordinator, Club Never Again

8.Munyekawa John


Elders club

9.Gatsinda Theoneste


Representative, Cooperative UYAGI

10.Mukabarisa Erene


Agent in charge of Etat Civil

11.Umurungi Mireille


Agent in charge of Etat Civil

12.Butera Pius


Intore ( member of local civic academy)

13.Sengorore Deny


Pastor, Presbyterian church

14.Nyiribambe Zahara


Auditor, Reconciliation forum

15.Nshimyumukiza Donath


Coordinator, Gacaca Jurdiction

16.Rukera Emmanuel


Vice-President, Reconciliation Forum

17.Bimenyimana Audace


Agent in charge of Social Affairs

18.Mutegarugori Melanie


Agent in charge of Etat Civil

19.kinyamahanga Jackson


Agent in charge of Etat Civil

20.Muvunyi John


Social worker, NURC

21.Ntirushwa Antoine


Agent in charge of Etat Civil

22.Mugabo Egide


Mediator, Cyanya Cell committee

23.Makombe Aimable


Representative, Ibuka (Genocide survivors association)

24.Uwizeyimana Abdurikarim


Coordinator, youth Counsel

25.Mukiza Victor


Administrator, Restoration church

26.Mukabukuru Goreth


Representative, Profemme Twese Hamwe

27.Tugirimana Jules


Agent in charge of Etat Civil

28.Nyiringabo Hamdun


Imam, Islam

29.Habyara Shauku


Agent in charge of Etat Civil



© Website author: Leo Semashko, 2005; © designed by Roman Snitko, 2005