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William Blum. Rogue State. What will the American Empire need?

William Blum





William Blum left the State Department in 1967, abandoning his aspiration of becoming a Foreign Service Officer, because of his opposition to what the United States was doing in Vietnam.

He then became o­ne of the founders and editors of the Washington Free Press, the first alternative newspaper in the capital.

Mr. Blum has been a freelance journalist in the United States, Europe and South America.  His stay in Chile in 1972-3, writing about the Allende governments socialist experiment and its tragic overthrow in a CIA-designed coup, instilled in him a personal involvement and an even more heightened interest in what his government was doing in various parts of the world.

In the mid-1970s, he worked in London with former CIA officer Philip Agee and his associates o­n their project of exposing CIA personnel and their misdeeds.

      His book o­n U.S. foreign policy, Killing Hope: U.S. Military and CIA Interventions Since World War II, first published in 1995 and updated since, has received international acclaim.  Noam Chomsky called it far and away the best book o­n the topic.

In 1999, he was o­ne of the recipients of Project Censoreds awards for exemplary journalism for writing o­ne of the top ten censored stories of 1998, an article o­n how, in the 1980s, the United States gave Iraq the material to develop a chemical and biological warfare capability.

Blum is also the author of Americas Deadliest Export: Democracy The Truth About U.S. Foreign Policy and Everything Else (2013), Rogue State: A Guide to the Worlds o­nly Superpower (updated edition 2005), West-Bloc Dissident: A Cold War Memoir (2002), and Freeing the World to Death: Essays o­n the American Empire (2004).  His books have been translated into more than 15 languages.

During 2002-2003, Blum was a regular columnist for the magazine The Ecologist, which is published in London and distributed globally.

In January 2006, a tape from Osama bin Laden stated that it would be useful for Americans to read Rogue State, apparently to gain a better understanding of their enemy.

Interviews with William Blum

Contact William Blum by email at bblum6@aol.com, or write to him at:


William Blum
5100 Connecticut Avenue NW, #707
Washington, DC, 20008-2064


His website is: https://williamblum.org


He is coauthor of the Global Peace Science:



William Blum

Rogue State

A Guide to the Worlds o­nly Superpower

  • 2005, 308 pages
  • Published by Common Courage Press (USA), Zed Books (UK) 2006
  • ISBN: 9781567513745 (USA), 9781842778272 (UK)

If you believed that the NATO (read U.S.) bombing of Yugoslavia for 78 days and nights in 1999 was a humanitarian act, Rogue State hopefully can serve as a wake-up call to both your intellect and your conscience. It is a mini-encyclopedia of the numerous un-humanitarian acts perpetrated by the United States since the end of the Second World War.

Rogue State forcibly reminds us of Vice President Agnews immortal line: The United States, for all its faults, is still the greatest nation in the country. Gore Vidal, author, The Decline and Fall of the American Empire




William Blum, Renowned U.S. Foreign Policy Critic, Dead at 85
By Chris Agee and Louis Wolf
December 10th, 2018 "Information Clearing House
<http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/> " - William Blum died in
Virginia o­n December 9th, 2018.
He was surrounded by friends and family after falling in his Washington D.C.
apartment and sustaining serious wounds 65 days ago. He was 85 years old.
Bill was born March 6, 1933 at Beth Moses Hospital in Brooklyn, N.Y. and
became an American author, historian, and critic of United States foreign
policy. He worked in a computer-related position at the United States
Department of State in the mid-1960s. Initially an anti-communist with
dreams of becoming a foreign service officer, he became disillusioned by the
Vietnam War.
William Blum - CIA Murder and Torture of Hundreds of Thousands of People
Blum left the State Department in 1967 and became a founder and editor of
the Washington Free Press, the first "alternative" newspaper in the capital.
In 1969, he wrote and published an exposé of the CIA in which were revealed
the names and addresses of more than 200 CIA employees. He worked as
freelance journalist in the United States, Europe and South America. In
1972-1973 Blum worked as a journalist in Chile where he reported o­n the
Allende government's "socialist experiment." Its overthrow in a CIA designed
coup instilled in him a personal involvement and an even more heightened
interest in what his government was doing in various corners of the world.
In London in the mid-1970s, Blum collaborated with ex-CIA officer Philip
Agee and his associates "on their project of exposing CIA personnel and
their misdeeds." The late 1980s found Mr. Blum living in Los Angeles
pursuing a career as a screenwriter. Unfortunately, his screenplays all had
two (if not three) strikes against them because they dealt with those things
which makes grown men run away screaming in Hollywood: ideas and issues.

For the rest of his long life, Bill lived in Washington, D.C. ineligible to
renew his lapsed security clearance because of his political views. Instead,
he accepted many speaking engagements o­n college campuses around the world.
Bill was a distinguished member of CovertAction Magazine
<https://covertactionmagazine.com/>  and the Advisory Board
<https://covertactionmagazine.com/index.php/about-us/> , and worked o­n staff
for many years with CovertAction Quarterly and CovertAction Information
Bulletin. His articles can be found in our archives
<https://covertactionmagazine.com/index.php/archives/> ; See issues numbers
33, 46, 47, 51, 53, 66, and 77. Blum went o­n to write numerous books o­n U.S.
foreign policy and became the go-to source o­n U.S. intervention.
His book Killing Hope: U.S. Military and CIA Interventions Since World War
II <https://williamblum.org/books/killing-hope/>  - first published in 1995
and updated in 2004 - has received international acclaim.  Noam Chomsky
called it "far and away the best book o­n the topic."
In 1999, he was a recipient of Project Censored's awards for "exemplary
journalism" for writing o­ne of the top ten censored stories of 1998-an
article o­n how, in the 1980s, the United States gave Iraq the material to
develop a chemical and biological warfare capability.
Blum is also the author of America's Deadliest Export: Democracy - The Truth
About U.S. Foreign Policy and Everything Else
<https://williamblum.org/books/americas-deadliest-export>  (2013), Rogue
State: A Guide to the World's o­nly Superpower
<https://williamblum.org/books/rogue-state/>  (updated edition 2005),
West-Bloc Dissident: A Cold War Memoir
<https://williamblum.org/books/west-bloc-dissident/>  (2002), and Freeing
the World to Death: Essays o­n the American Empire
<https://williamblum.org/books/freeing-the-world-to-death/>  (2004).  His
books have been translated into more than 15 languages.
During 2002-2003, Blum was a regular columnist for the magazine The
Ecologist, which is published in London and distributed globally. In January
2006, a tape from Osama bin Laden stated that "it would be useful" for
Americans to read Rogue State, apparently to gain a better understanding of
the enemy. Blum found his public speaking engagements abruptly ending.
Bill is also well-known for his highly popular and well-researched blog
called "The Anti-Empire Report" <https://williamblum.org/aer>  published
from April 1st, 2003 to September 20th, 2018.
Following his 65-day fight to live after his devastating fall in his
apartment o­n October 4th, Bill died this morning at 2:20 a.m. When his
condition worsened several days ago, he was transferred from the Virginia
Hospital Center to the Caring Care Hospice about o­ne mile from the hospital.
His son, Alexander S. Blum, flew in from Germany to be alongside friends and
family. His immediate cause of death was kidney failure-combined with the
various wounds o­n his body.
His last speaking engagement was this past summer as the keynote speaker at
the Left Forum panel entitled "CovertAction: Persistent U.S. Attacks Against
'Democracy and Freedom,' Past and Present.
-democracy-and-freedom-past-and-present> " Hosted by CovertAction Magazine
<https://covertactionmagazine.com/> , Bill - speaking with Louis Wolf and
others-entitled his presentation "American Exceptionalism: The Naked Truth."
sm-the-naked-truth/>  He started his talk by acknowledging that...
"We can all agree I think that US foreign policy must be changed and that to
achieve that the mind - not to mention the heart and soul - of the American
public must be changed."
And in his iconic, wry humor-coupled with chuckles in the audience-Bill
"Consciously or unconsciously, [the American people] have certain basic
beliefs about the United States and its foreign policy. The most basic of
these basic beliefs, I think, is a deeply-held conviction that no matter
what the US does abroad, no matter how bad it may look, no matter what
horror may result, the government of the United States means well."
See the full video of the panel here.
<https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ppNF2IEICRA&t=314s>  His talk starts at 44
min and 48 seconds into the video.
William Blum - CIA Murder and Torture of Hundreds of Thousands of People
Bill spent his life documenting the atrocities of the U.S. government and
his contributions are deeply enlightening; without a doubt Bill has offered
us ever lasting resources that will continue to inform generations to come.
This article was originally published by "Covert Action
85/> " -  




A Collection of Thoughts about

American Foreign Policy


The Anti-Empire Report #146

By William Blum

Published November 6th, 2016 : https://williamblum.org/aer/read/146


Louis XVI needed a revolution, Napoleon needed two historic military defeats, the Spanish Empire in the New World needed multiple revolutions, the Russian Czar needed a communist revolution, the Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman Empires needed World War I, Nazi Germany needed World War II, Imperial Japan needed two atomic bombs, the Portuguese Empire in Africa needed a military coup at home, the Soviet Empire needed Mikhail Gorbachev What will the American Empire need? (Trump! Leo Semashko)


I dont believe anyone will consciously launch World War III. The situation now is more like the eve of World War I, when great powers were armed and ready to go when an incident set things off. Ever since Gorbachev naively ended the Cold War, the hugely over-armed United States has been actively surrounding Russia with weapons systems, aggressive military exercises, NATO expansion. At the same time, in recent years the demonization of Vladimir Putin has reached war propaganda levels. Russians have every reason to believe that the United States is preparing for war against them, and are certain to take defensive measures. This mixture of excessive military preparations and propaganda against an evil enemy make it very easy for some trivial incident to blow it all up. Diana Johnstone, author of Queen of Chaos: The Misadventures of Hillary Clinton


In September 2013 President Obama stood before the United Nations General Assembly and declared, I believe America is exceptional. The following year at the UN, the president classified Russia as o­ne of the three threats to the world along with the Islamic State and the ebola virus. o­n March 9, 2015 President Barack Obama declared Venezuela an unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security and foreign policy of the United States.


Vladimir Putin, speaking at the UN in 2015, addressing the United States re its foreign policy: Do you realize what you have done?


Since the end of World War 2, the United States has:

  1. Attempted to overthrow more than 50 foreign governments, most of which were democratically-elected.
  2. Dropped bombs o­n the people of more than 30 countries.
  3. Attempted to assassinate more than 50 foreign leaders.
  4. Attempted to suppress a populist or nationalist movement in 20 countries.
  5. Grossly interfered in democratic elections in at least 30 countries.*
  6. Plus although not easily quantified has been more involved in the practice of torture than any other country in the world for over a century not just performing the actual torture, but teaching it, providing the manuals, and furnishing the equipment.

*See chapter 18 of William Blum, Rogue State: A Guide to the Worlds o­nly Superpower


On October 28, 2016 Russia was voted off the UN Human Rights Council. At the same time Saudi Arabia won a second term, uncontested. Does anyone know George Orwells email address?


A million refugee from Washingtons warfare are currently over-running Europe. Theyre running from Afghanistan and Iraq; from Libya and Somalia; from Syria and Pakistan.

Germany is taking in many Syrian refugees because of its World War Two guilt. What will the United States do in the future because of its guilt? But Americans are not raised to feel such guilt.


The Plan is for the United States to rule the world. The overt theme is unilateralism, but it is ultimately a story of domination. It calls for the United States to maintain its overwhelming superiority and prevent new rivals from rising up to challenge it o­n the world stage. It calls for dominion over friends and enemies alike. It says not that the United States must be more powerful, or most powerful, but that it must be absolutely powerful. Vice-President Dick Cheney West Point lecture, June 2002


Two flew over the cuckoos nest: We are, as a matter of empirical fact and undeniable history, the greatest force for good the world has ever known. security and freedom for millions of people around the globe have depended o­n Americas military , economic, political, and diplomatic might. Dick Cheney and Liz Cheney, Why the world needs a powerful America (2015)


State Department spokesperson Mark Toner: Assad must go even if Syria goes with him.

Many of the moves the Obama administration has made in terms of its Cuba policy are in lockstep with Bill Clintons, as expressed in the recommendations of a 1999 task force report from the Council o­n Foreign Relations. The report asserted that no change in policy should have the primary effect of consolidating, or appearing to legitimize, the political status quo o­n the island.


A successful American regime change operation in Syria would cut across definite interests of the Russian state. These include the likely use of Syria as a new pipeline route to bring gas from Qatar to the European market, thereby undercutting Gazprom, Russias largest corporation and biggest exporter. Assads refusal to consider such a route played no small role in Qatars pouring billions of dollars in arms and funds into the Syrian civil war o­n behalf of anti-Assad forces.

War with Russia will be nuclear. Washington has prepared for it. Washington has abandoned the ABM treaty, created what it thinks is an ABM shield, and changed its war doctrine to permit US nuclear first strike. All of this is obviously directed at Russia, and the Russian government knows it. How long will Russia sit there waiting for Washingtons first strike? Paul Craig Roberts, 2014


Iran signed the nuclear accords with the United States earlier this year by agreeing to stop what it never was doing. Any Iranian nuclear ambition, real or imagined, is of course a result of American hostility towards Iran, and not the other way around.

If the European Union were an independent and rational government it would absolutely forbid any member country from stockpiling American nuclear weapons or hosting a US anti-ballistic missile site or any other military base anywhere close to Russias borders.

Full Spectrum Dominance, a term the Pentagon loves to use to refer to total control of the planet: land, sea, air, space, outer space and cyberspace. Can you imagine any other country speaking this way?


Henry Kissinger at the Paris Peace Talks, September 1970. I refuse to believe that a little fourth rate power like North Vietnam does not have a breaking point.

In 2010, WikiLeaks released a cable sent to US embassies by then- Secretary of State Hillary Clinton. She wrote this: Saudi Arabia remains a critical financial support for Al Qaeda, the Taliban, al Nusra and other terrorist groups worldwide. Surely this resulted in at least Washingtons much-favored weapon: sanctions of various kinds. It did not.

US General Barry McCaffrey, April 2015: Because so far NATOs reaction to Putins aggression has been to send a handful of forces to the Baltics to demonstrate resolve, which has o­nly convinced Putin that the alliance is either unable or unwilling to fight. So we had better change his calculus pretty soon, and contest Putins stated doctrine that he is willing to intervene militarily in other countries to protect Russia-speaking people. For Gods sake, the last time we heard that was just before Hitler invaded the Sudetenland.


No, my dear general, we heard that repeatedly in 1983 when the United States invaded the tiny nation of Grenada to protect and rescue hundreds of Americans who supposedly were in danger from the new leftist government. It was all a fraud, no more than an excuse to overthrow a government that that didnt believe that the American Empire was Gods gift to humanity.

Since 1980, the United States has intervened in the affairs of fourteen Muslim countries, at worst invading or bombing them. They are (in chronological order) Iran, Libya, Lebanon, Kuwait, Iraq, Somalia, Bosnia, Saudi Arabia, Afghanistan, Sudan, Kosovo, Yemen, Pakistan, and now Syria.

How our never-ending mideast horror began: Radio Address of George W. Bush, September 28, 2002: The Iraqi regime possesses biological and chemical weapons, is rebuilding the facilities to make more and, according to the British government, could launch a biological or chemical attack in as little as 45 minutes after the order is given. The regime has long-standing and continuing ties to terrorist groups, and there are al Qaeda terrorists inside Iraq. This regime is seeking a nuclear bomb, and with fissile material could build o­ne within a year. Yet just six weeks before 9/11, Condoleezza Rice told CNN: Lets remember that his [Saddams] country is divided, in effect. He does not control the northern part of his country. We are able to keep his arms from him. His military forces have not been rebuilt.


The fact is that there is more participation by the Cuban population in the running of their country than there is by the American population in the running of theirs. o­ne important reason is the absence of the numerous private corporations which, in the United States, exert great influence over all aspects of life.


The U.S. is frantically surrounding China with military weapons, advanced aircraft, naval fleets and a multitude of military bases from Japan, South Korea and the Philippines through several nearby smaller Pacific islands to its new and enlarged base in Australia The U.S. naval fleet, aircraft carriers and nuclear submarines patrol Chinas nearby waters. Warplanes, surveillance planes, drones and spying satellites cover the skies, creating a symbolic darkness at noon. (Jack A. Smith, Hegemony Games: USA vs. PRC, CounterPunch)


Crimea had never voluntarily left Russia. The USSRs leader Nikita Khrushchev, a native of the region, had donated Crimea to Ukraine in 1954. Crimeans were always strongly opposed to that change and voted overwhelmingly to rejoin Russia after the US-induced Ukrainian coup in 2014. Russian President Vladimir Putin refers to the Ukrainian army as NATOs foreign legion, which does not pursue Ukraines national interests. The United States, however, insists o­n labeling the Russian action in Crimea as an invasion.


Putin re Crimea/Ukraine: Our western partners created the Kosovo precedent with their own hands. In a situation absolutely the same as the o­ne in Crimea they recognized Kosovos secession from Serbia legitimate while arguing that no permission from a countrys central authority for a unilateral declaration of independence is necessary And the UN International Court of Justice agreed with those arguments. Thats what they said; thats what they trumpeted all over the world and coerced everyone to accept and now they are complaining about Crimea. Why is that?


Paul Craig Roberts: The absurdity of it all! Even a moron knows that if Russia is going to put tanks and troops into Ukraine, Russia will put in enough to do the job. The war would be over in a few days if not in a few hours. As Putin himself said some months ago, if the Russian military enters Ukraine, the news will not be the fate of Donetsk or Mauriupol, but the fall of Kiev and Lviv.


In a major examination of US policy vis-à-vis China, published in March 2015, the authoritative Council o­n Foreign Relations bluntly declared that there is no real prospect of building fundamental trust, peaceful coexistence, mutual understanding, a strategic partnership, or a new type of major country relations between the United States and China. The United States, the report declares, must, therefore, develop the political will and military capabilities to deal with China to protect vital U.S. interests.


John F. Kennedy changed the mission of the Latin American military from hemispheric defense an outdated relic of World War II to internal security, which means war against the domestic population. Noam Chomsky


Cuban baseball players who are paid a million dollars to play for an American team are not defectors, a word which has a clear political connotation.


Boris Yeltsin was acceptable to American and Europeans because he was seen as a weak, pliable figure that allowed Western capital free rein in the newly opened Russian territory following the collapse of the Soviet Union. Yeltsins era was also a time of rampant corruption by Russian oligarchs who were closely associated with Western capital. That corrosive culturecame to a halt with the election of Vladimir Putin twice as president between 2000-2008, and again in 2012.


Many ISIS leaders were former Iraqi military officers who were imprisoned by American troops. The fight isnt against ISIS, its against Assad; at the next level it isnt against Assad, its against Putin; then, at the next level, it isnt against Putin, its against the country most likely to stand in the way of US world domination, Russia. And its forever.


Connecting to the US-based Internet would mean channeling all of Cubas communications directly to the NSA.


George W. Bush has been living a comparatively quiet life in Texas, with a focus o­n his paintings. Im trying to leave something behind, he said a couple of years ago. Yeah, right, George. We can stand up some of the paintings against the large piles of Iraqi dead bodies.

Seymour Hersh: America would be much better off, if, 30 years ago, we had let Russia continue its war in Afghanistan The mistake was made by the Carter administration which was trying to stop the Russians from their invasion of Afghanistan. Wed be better off had we let the Russians beat the Taliban. (Deutsche Welle, April 2, 2014 interview) Wed be even better off if we hadnt overthrown the progressive, secular Afghan government, giving rise to the Taliban in the first place and inciting the Russians to intervene o­n their border lest the Soviet Islamic population was stirred up.


The former Secretary of State Madeleine Albright in an interview in 1998 summed up exactly what the US thinks of the UN: The UN plays a very important role. But if we dont like it, we always have the option of following our own national security interests, which I assure you we will do if we dont like whats going o­n. She is now a foreign-policy advisor to Hillary Clinton.

A leader taking his (or her) nation to war is as dysfunctional in the family of humankind as an abusive parent is in an individual family. Suzy Kane


It would be some time before I fully realized that the United States sees little need for diplomacy. Power is enough. o­nly the weak rely o­n diplomacy The Roman Empire had no need for diplomacy. Nor does the United States. Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Secretary-General of the United Nations from January 1992 to December 1996


Interventions are not against dictators but against those who try to distribute: not against Jiménez in Venezuela but Chávez, not against Somoza in Nicaragua but the Sandinistas, not against Batista in Cuba but Castro, not against Pinochet in Chile but Allende, not against Guatemala dictators but Arbenz, not against the shah in Iran but Mossadegh, etc. Johan Galtung, Norwegian, principal founder of the discipline of peace and conflict studies

No mention was made that Iraqs Christians had been safe and sound under President Saddam Hussein even privileged until President George Bush invaded and destroyed Iraq. We can expect the same fate for Syrias Christians if the protection of the Assad regime is torn away by the US-engineered uprising. We will then shed crocodile tears for Syrias Christians. Eric Margolis, 2014


Jewish Power is the capacity to silence the debate o­n Jewish Power. Gilad Atzmon

We need a trial to judge all those who bear significant responsibility for the past century the most murderous and ecologically destructive in human history. We could call it the war, air and fiscal crimes tribunal and we could put politicians and CEOs and major media owners in the dock with earphones like Eichmann and make them listen to the evidence of how they killed millions of people and almost murdered the planet and made most of us far more miserable than we needed to be. Of course, we wouldnt have time to go after them o­ne by o­ne. Wed have to lump Wall Street investment bankers in o­ne trial, the Council o­n Foreign Relations in another, and any remaining Harvard Business School or Yale Law graduates in a third. We dont need this for retribution, o­nly for edification. So there would be no capital punishment, but rather banishment to an overseas Nike factory with a vow of perpetual silence. Sam Smith


I have come to think of the export of democracy as the contemporary equivalent of what missionaries have always done in the interest of conquering and occupying the uncivilized world o­n behalf of the powers that be. I have said that the church invented the concept of conversion by any means, including torture and killing of course, as doing the victims a big favor, since it was in the interest of saving their immortal souls. It is now called, democratization. Rita Corriel


It is more or less impossible to commemorate the war dead without glorifying them, and it is impossible to glorify them without glorifying their wars. Paul Craig Roberts


Any part of this report may be disseminated without permission, provided attribution is provided.



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